Call it Loving Detachment
Simply put, happiness is satisfaction of mind. However, different individuals have different perceptions of how to achieve happiness. For some, happiness lies in wealth; for others, it is in rank and position; yet others find happiness in fame and name. In their quest for ‘happiness’, individuals tread a path that destroys the inner good instincts and virtues. Craving for material wealth begets greed, leading to corruption. Similar is the outcome when passion for power drives one’s mind.
Maya impels individuals to believe that material achievement is the truth of life; fuelling attachment to worldly pursuits and sensory pleasures. Growing attachment breeds addiction to material attainments. In turn, such addiction intoxicates the human mind, making it oblivious to the truth. So, real happiness remains a mirage. Mahasiddha Naropa, the 10th-century mahasiddha of the Kagya School of Tibetan Buddhism, was born in a rich and powerful family. He renounced his family and wealth at the age of 25 to be ordained as a monk-scholar in Nalanda University where he became a leading scholar and respected faculty member. He later left in search of a guru to attain moksha and found Tilopa, one of the four mahasiddhas of India.
Once, Tilopa handed a string full of knots to Naropa and asked him to untie them. Naropa did so and gave the string back to Tilopa. Tilopa threw the string away and asked Naropa what he understood. Naropa replied that all beings are tied by worldly attachments and they need to untie themselves.