UN Puts Curbs on Key Ex­ports from N Korea Over Mis­sile Tests

The res­o­lu­tion could re­duce N Korea’s al­ready mea­gre an­nual ex­port rev­enue by $1 bil­lion

The Economic Times - - Around The World -

United Nations: The UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil on Satur­day unan­i­mously adopted a res­o­lu­tion to im­pose the most pun­ish­ing sanc­tions yet against North Korea over its re­peated de­fi­ance of a ban on test­ing mis­siles and nu­clear bombs.

The res­o­lu­tion, in­tended to press North Korea to re­nounce its nu­clear mil­i­tari­sa­tion, could re­duce the iso­lated coun­try’s al­ready mea­gre an­nual ex­port rev­enue by $1 bil­lion, or about a third of its cur­rent to­tal. Am­bas­sador Nikki Ha­ley of the United States, which in­tro­duced the res­o­lu­tion, said its adop­tion by all 15 coun­cil mem­bers sig­ni­fied what she called “a strong, united step to­ward hold­ing North Korea ac­count­able for its be­haviour”.

Ha­ley de­scribed the new penal­ties, which the US painstak­ingly ne­go­ti­ated with China, North Korea’s most im­por­tant trad­ing part­ner, as “the most strin­gent set of sanc­tions on any coun­try in a gen­er­a­tion”. She also said they would give North Korea’s lead­ers “a taste of the de­pri­va­tion they have cho­sen to in­flict on the North Korean peo­ple”. Be­for e she wa l ke d i nt o t he Se­cu­rity Coun­cil cham­bers for the vote, Ha­ley stopped and told re­port- ers, “All this ICBM and nu­clear ir­re­spon­si­bil­ity has to stop.” The mea­sure’s unan­i­mous ap­proval was a diplo­matic vic­tory for the Trump ad­min­is­tra­tion and partly ref lected grow­ing im­pa­tience with North Korea by China, which his­tor­i­cally has called re­la­tions be­tween them as “close as lips and teeth”. Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump has re­peat­edly ca­joled China to ex­ert more pres­sure on North Korea over its nu­clear bel­liger­ence. Whether Trump’s bad­ger­ing played any role in China’s sup­port for the res­o­lu­tion is un­clear. But its will­ing­ness to en­force the res­o­lu­tion’s pro­vi­sions will be crit­i­cal to its ef­fec­tive­ness.

China’s am­bas­sador to the United Nations, Liu Jieyi, hinted at his coun­try’s vex­a­tion with North Korea in his Se­cu­rity Coun­cil re­marks af­ter the vote. He urged North Korean au­thor­i­ties to “cease tak­ing ac­tions that might fur­ther es­ca­late tensions”.

But Liu also crit­i­cised the US, call­ing for dis­man­tle­ment of a mis­sile de­fence sys­tem it has be­gun in­stalling in South Korea, which China also re­gards as coun­ter­pro­duc­tive. Since 2006, North Korea has de­fied a half-dozen Se­cu­rity Coun­cil res­o­lu­tions over its nu­clear and mis­sile devel­op­ment, which North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong Un, has called a ne­c­es­sary, just re­sponse to mil­i­tary threats by the US and South Korea.

Kim Jong-un

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