Pow­er­ing as­pi­ra­tional In­dia

The Hindu - - EDITORIAL -

How much elec­tric­ity is needed by In­dia? To an­swer this, one ap­proach is to fol­low a top-down econo­met­ric model whereby one ex­am­ines growth in the econ­omy, looks at the re­la­tion­ship be­tween eco­nomic growth and en­ergy re­quire­ments, and in­cor­po­rates in­flu­ence of tech­no­log­i­cal and policy changes ex­oge­nously. The al­ter­na­tive is a bot­tom-up ap­proach, whereby one es­ti­mates de­mand based on equip­ment sat­u­ra­tions, ef­fi­cien­cies and us­age.

A sim­ple method is to look around and draw con­clu­sions. As per data for 2014 pub­lished by the In­ter­na­tional En­ergy Agency, av­er­age global per capita elec­tric­ity con­sump­tion is 3030 kWh (kWh is col­lo­qui­ally known as a unit). The cor­re­spond­ing fig­ure for In­dia is about 805 units, and for de­vel­oped coun­tries of the OECD, it is 8,028. A ma­jor­ity of the OECD coun­tries are in the tem­per­ate cli­mate zone. There­fore, let us ex­am­ine the scene around In­dia: the cor­re­spond­ing

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