Reg­u­la­tory up­grade

Ad­dress­ing the de­fi­cien­cies in the In­sec­ti­cides Act, 1968

The Hindu - - OPED - Kr­ish­nadas Ra­jagopal

Pes­ti­cides play an im­por­tant role in sus­tain­ing agri­cul­tural pro­duc­tion, and in con­trol­ling vec­tors re­spon­si­ble for dis­eases. How­ever, on the flip side, they can be toxic. There­fore, what is needed is a top-notch mech­a­nism to reg­u­late the im­port, man­u­fac­ture, sale, trans­port, dis­tri­bu­tion and use of in­sec­ti­cides with a view to pre­vent­ing risk to hu­man be­ings and an­i­mals. The In­sec­ti­cides Act, 1968 was en­acted to en­sure this, un­til de­fi­cien­cies in the statute caught the eye of sev­eral Par­lia­men­tary Com­mit­tees and stake­hold­ers.

The gov­ern­ment said these loop­holes in­clude a lack of clar­ity on qual­i­fi­ca­tion for man­u­fac­tures, sell­ers, stockists and com­mer­cial pest-con­trol op­er­a­tors, larger rep­re­sen­ta­tion of ex­perts in the Cen­tral Pes­ti­cides Board and the Reg­is­tra­tion Com­mit­tee, fix­ing tol­er­ance lim­its of pes­ti­cides as a pre-con­di­tion of their reg­is­tra­tion, etc.

The Pes­ti­cides Man­age­ment Bill of 2008, which is pend­ing in Par­lia­ment, aims to cover this ground.

The state­ment of ob­jects and rea­sons of the draft says that the pro­posed leg­is­la­tion, among oth­ers, in­tends to pro­vide for an elab­o­rate def­i­ni­tion of pes­ti­cides to cover any sub­stance of chem­i­cal or bi­o­log­i­cal ori­gin in­tended for pre­vent­ing, de­stroy­ing, re­pelling, mit­i­gat­ing or con­trol­ling any pest, in­clud­ing un­wanted species of plants or an­i­mals, which will en­able reg­u­la­tion of ex­ist­ing pes­ti­cides as well as new dis­cov­er­ies.

The state­ment says that the Bill pro­poses to ad­dress all as­pects of de­vel­op­ment, reg­u­la­tion and qual­ity mon­i­tor­ing, pro­duc­tion, man­age­ment, pack­ag­ing, la­belling, dis­tri­bu­tion, han­dling, ap­pli­ca­tion, use and con­trol, in­clud­ing post-reg­is­tra­tion ac­tiv­i­ties and dis­posal of all types of pes­ti­cides.

It would also de­fine house­hold pes­ti­cides, in or­der to pro­hibit their field ap­pli­ca­tions and to en­able deli­cens­ing of their re­tail sale for easy avail­abil­ity to the con­sumer. The Bill would pro­vide for the ef­fec­tive and ef­fi­cient work­ing of the Cen­tral Pes­ti­cides Board and Reg­is­tra­tion Com­mit­tee, fix tol­er­ance lim­its of pes­ti­cides, de­tail the min­i­mum qual­i­fi­ca­tion of li­censees and ac­credit pri­vate lab­o­ra­to­ries to carry out any or all func­tions of the Cen­tral pes­ti­cides lab­o­ra­tory.

The Bill pro­poses strin­gent pun­ish­ments to check pro­duc­tion and sale of mis­branded, sub-stan­dard and spu­ri­ous pes­ti­cides, be­sides, and most im­por­tantly, pro­vid­ing for the dis­posal of ex­pired, sub­stan­dard and spu­ri­ous pes­ti­cides in an en­vi­ron­ment friendly and safe man­ner.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from India

© PressReader. All rights reserved.