Na­tional body set up to study rare form of di­a­betes

Mono­genic di­a­betes is mis­di­ag­nosed in many cases

The Hindu - - NATION - Staff Re­porter

A Na­tional Mono­genic Di­a­betes Study Group has been formed to iden­tify cases of mono­genic di­a­betes across the coun­try. Sup­ported by the In­dian Coun­cil of Med­i­cal Re­search (ICMR), the Madras Di­a­betes Re­search Foun­da­tion (MDRF) and Dr. Mo­han’s Di­a­betes Spe­cial­i­ties Cen­tre (DMDSC) will be the na­tional co­or­di­nat­ing cen­tre for the study group.

Ge­netic mu­ta­tion

Mono­genic di­a­betes is a group of dis­or­ders where mu­ta­tion of a sin­gle gene causes di­a­betes; the three com­mon­est forms be­ing Ma­tu­rity On­set Di­a­betes of the Young (MODY), Neona­tal Di­a­betes Mel­li­tus (NDM) and Con­gen­i­tal Hy­po­gly­caemia, ac­cord­ing to V. Mo­han, chair­man, DMDSC.

“ICMR al­ready has a young di­a­bet­ics reg­istry. As an off-shoot, a Na­tional Mono­genic Di­a­betes Study Group has been formed with MDRF as the nodal cen­tre. As of now, 33 doc­tors from across the coun­try are ready to col­lab­o­rate for this ini­tia­tive,” he told re­porters on Satur­day.

Un­der this ini­tia­tive, MDRF would pro­vide guide­lines to the col­lab­o­ra­tors for iden­ti­fy­ing mono­genic di­a­betes. “They need to look out for cer­tain pa­ram­e­ters such as chil­dren be­low six months of age and those di­ag­nosed as Type 1 di­a­betes but have atyp­i­cal fea­tures such as milder forms of di­a­betes, and strong fam­ily his­tory of di­a­betes go­ing through sev­eral gen­er­a­tions,” he ex­plained.

The col­lab­o­ra­tors will iden­tify cases of mono­genic di­a­betes and send their de­tails.

“They will send blood sam­ples to us. Fol­low­ing the test re­sults, we will give them the treat­ment pro­to­cols,” Dr. Mo­han said.

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