THE UN­EM­PLOY­MENT PARA­DOX PLAGU­ING IN­DIAN YOUTH

Just be­ing ed­u­cated isn’t enough to land a job, as stud­ies in­di­cate that there has been an in­crease in un­em­ploy­ment with ris­ing ed­u­ca­tion lev­els

The New Indian Express - - FOCUS -

Up­set over his fail­ure to get a suit­able teach­ing job, Atanu Mistry, a 30-year-old from West Ben­gal’s South 24 Par­ganas district, al­legedly com­mit­ted sui­cide re­cently. Ac­cord­ing to Mistry’s fam­ily, he had armed him­self with a B.Ed de­gree af­ter com­plet­ing his post-grad­u­a­tion in English to chase a child­hood dream of be­com­ing a teacher. But fail­ing to crack the re­cruit­ment ex­am­i­na­tion for pri­mary teach­ers, he only man­aged a house­keep­ing job in a pri­vate en­tity, which shat­tered his morale.

Again, a 21-year-old en­gi­neer­ing grad­u­ate, Ar­pit Rav­ish, who topped the fi­nal se­mes­ter ex­am­i­na­tion, re­port­edly took his life by hang­ing from the ceil­ing of his res­i­dence at Giri­na­gar in south Ben­galuru af­ter fail­ing to get cam­pus place­ment.

There may be many Atanus and Ar­pits lan­guish­ing af­ter un­suc­cess­ful at­tempts at find­ing jobs in the or­gan­ised sec­tor in the de­pressed In­dian job mar­ket de­spite hav­ing higher aca­demic de­grees.

Take an­other telling in­stance. In July, au­thor­i­ties at the Malda Med­i­cal Col­lege and Hospi­tal in West Ben­gal were in a quandary fol­low­ing a rush of ap­pli­ca­tions from post-grad­u­ates, and even Ph.D hold­ers, for a “Group D pro­file” job that re­quired them to han­dle bodies in the hospi­tal’s morgue. The el­i­gi­bil­ity for the po­si­tion was only a Class VIII pass cer­tifi­cate.

Such in­ci­dents have not come as a sur­prise. In fact, govern­ment doc­u­ments have re­ported a sim­i­lar trend.

The fifth An­nual Em­ploy­ment-Un­em­ploy­ment Sur­vey, 2015-16, shows that with ris­ing ed­u­ca­tion lev­els, the un­em­ploy­ment rate has also gone up in the age group of 18-29 years.

“The un­em­ploy­ment rate for per­sons aged 18-29 years and hold­ing a de­gree in grad­u­a­tion and above was found to be max­i­mum with 18.4 per cent based on the Usual Prin­ci­pal Sta­tus Ap­proach at the all-In­dia level,” said the Sur­vey re­port on Youth Em­ploy­ment-Un­em­ploy­ment Sce­nario, Vol­ume II.

Based on the Usual Prin­ci­pal Sta­tus Ap­proach, the un­em­ploy­ment rate for the age group at the all-In­dia level was es­ti­mated at 13.2 per cent. For men, the un­em­ploy­ment rate was es­ti­mated at 11.3 per cent whereas for women, it was 20 per cent for the same age group, the re­port said.

The Sur­vey’s Vol­ume I also sug­gested the un­em­ploy­ment rate was es­ti­mated to be five per cent at the all-In­dia level. Among the states and Union Ter­ri­to­ries, the un­em­ploy­ment rate dis­played wide vari­a­tions. Tripura had the high­est un­em­ploy­ment rate of 19.7 per cent fol­lowed by Sikkim at 18.1 per cent. On the other hand, Da­man and Diu had the low­est un­em­ploy­ment rate of 0.3 per cent, fol­lowed by Gu­jarat (0.9 per cent)

In the job mar­ket, de­mand must watch sup­ply. Adding qual­i­fi­ca­tions would not be help­ful un­less it cre­ates em­ploy­a­bil­ity Aji­tava Ray­chaud­huri, Econ­o­mist and pro­fes­sor

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