One-third of world's ex­treme poori n In­dia; high­est un­der-5 deaths: Re­port

The Political and Business Daily - - FRONT PAGE -

ONE third of the ex­treme poor global pop­u­la­tion re­side in In­dia which has also recorded the high­est num­ber of un­der-five deaths in the world, the lat­est UN Mil­len­nium De­vel­op­ment Goals re­port has said.

Mi­nor­ity Af­fairs Min­is­ter Na­jma Hep­tulla, who re­leased the re­port here, said its find­ings present a chal­lenge to the govern­ment un­der Naren­dra Modi and that they would be able to sur­mount it. "Good days will come," she said.

"We don't have to be proud of what we have done. Poverty is the big­gest chal­lenge... I am sure when the next re­port comes, we will have done much bet­ter," she said, stress­ing on Prime Min­is­ter's com­mit­ment to poverty elim­i­na­tion and "sabka saath sabka vikas (With all, de­vel­op­ment for all)".

Though the re­port's fig­ures for var­i­ous hu­man de­vel­op­ment pa­ram­e­ters are mostly spe­cific to dif­fer­ent re­gions of the world, it has made ref­er­ences to In­dia none of which, she said, are "flat­ter­ing.

Hep­tulla has had a long as­so­ci­a­tion with the UN pro­gramme and was closely in­volved with it dur­ing the pre­vi­ous NDA govern­ment un­der Atal Bi­hari Va­j­payee.

Ac­cord­ing to the re­port, al­most 60 per cent of the people who defe­cate in open re­side in In­dia, which has also ac­counted for 17 per cent of global ma­ter­nal deaths.

China, which has made rapid strides in re­duc­ing poverty, fol­lows In­dia in hous­ing the ex­treme poor global pop­u­la­tion and was home to 13 per cent of them in 2010, fol­lowed by Nigeria at 9 per cent and Bangladesh at 5 per­cent, it said.

South Asia, of which In­dia is the largest and most pop­u­lous coun­try, has fared worse than other Asian re­gions in most of the pa­ram­e­ters.

The re­gion has, how­ever, done well in school en­rol­ment.

Union Min­is­ter of Mi­nor­ity Af­fairs Na­jma Hep­tulla re­lease the UN re­port at a me­dia launch in New Delhi

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