In­dia ranks 135 in Hu­man Devel­op­ment In­dex

The Political and Business Daily - - FRONT PAGE -

IN A sign that shows In­dia has a lot of catch­ing up to do, the coun­try's rank­ing in the Hu­man Devel­op­ment In­dex (HDI) re­mained un­changed at 135 in 2013, re­flect­ing lit­tle im­prove­ment in the liv­ing stan­dard of its peo­ple, says a United Na­tions Devel­op­ment Pro­gramme re­port.

"In­dia's HDI value for 2013 is 0.586 - which falls in the medium hu­man devel­op­ment cat­e­gory - po­si­tion­ing the coun­try at 135 out of 187 coun­tries. Be­tween 1980 to 2013, In­dia's HDI value in­creased from 0.369 to 0.586," said the UNDP re­port re­leased to­day.

The re­port fur­ther said that none of the BRICS coun­tries were in the high hu­man devel­op­ment cat­e­gory and In­dia re­mained at the bot­tom with low­est HDI value among them.

"In­dia is the low­est per­form­ing coun­try among the BRICS na­tions in all cat­e­gories of the HDI with the ex­cep­tion of life ex­pectancy, which is lower in South Africa as a re­sult of the HIV/AIDS epi­demic," the re­port said.

Among the BRICS coun­tries, Rus­sia, Brazil and China are in the high HDI cat­e­gory. Rus­sia se­cured the high­est rank at 57, fol­lowed by Brazil at 79 and China at 91. South Africa and In­dia rank in the mid­dle cat­e­gory, se­cur­ing 118th and 135th po­si­tion re­spec­tively, it said.

The HDI re­flects longterm progress in three ba­sic di­men­sions of hu­man lives - a long and healthy life, ac­cess to knowl­edge and a de­cent stan­dard of liv­ing. In 2013 the study cov­ered 187 coun­tries, the same as in 2012 and 2011.

The re­port said that based on the data avail­able on Novem­ber 15, 2013, there were few coun­tries with changed in ranks be­tween 2012 and 2013.

Pre­sent­ing a re­view of In­dia's progress in each of the HDI in­di­ca­tors be­tween 1980 and 2013, it said, "The life ex­pectancy at birth in­creased by 11 years, mean years of school­ing in­creased by 2.5 years and ex­pected years of school­ing in­creased by 5.3 years."

How­ever, In­dia's 2013 HDI of 0.586 was below the av­er­age of 0.614 for coun­tries in the medium hu­man devel­op­ment group and also lower than the av­er­age of 0.588 for coun­tries in South Asia.

"From South Asia, coun­tries which are close to In­dia in 2013 HDI rank­ing are Bangladesh and Pak­istan with 142nd and 146th po­si­tion re­spec­tively," the re­port said.

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