GSLV MkIII launches GSAT-19
The first developmental flight (GSLV MkIII- D1) of India’s heavy lift launch vehicle GSLV Mk-III was successfully conducted on 5 June from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota with the launch of GSAT-19 satellite. This first orbital mission of GSLV MkIII was mainly intended to evaluate the vehicle performance including that of its fully indigenous cryogenic upper stage during the flight. Weighing 3136 kg at lift-off, GSAT-19 is the heaviest satellite launched from India.
After a 25.5 hour smooth countdown, the mission began with launch of the 640 ton GSLV Mk-III at 5:28 pm IST from the Second Launch Pad as scheduled with the ignition of its two S200 solid strap-on boosters. Following this, the major phases of the flight occurred as scheduled. The upper stage of GSLV MkIII vehicle is a new cryogenic stage (C25) indigenously configured, designed and realised by ISRO. The cryogenic stage used liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen as propellants with a total loading of 28 tons, the stage powered by a 20 ton thrust cryogenic engine (CE20) operating on ‘ gas generator cycle’. The performance of the engine and stage during the mission was “as predicted.” About sixteen minutes after lift- off, GSAT- 19 satellite was successfully placed in orbit.
Soon after its separation from GSLV, the Master Control Facility ( MCF) at Hassan in Karnataka assumed control of the satellite. GSAT-19 is a high throughput communication satellite.
Over the next few days, the GSAT-19 orbit was raised from its Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) to the final circular Geostationary Orbit (GSO) by firing the satellite’s Liquid Apogee Motor (LAM) in stages. During the final phase of this operation, the solar panels and antenna reflectors of the satellite were deployed.
Lift off !
GSLV-Mk III D1 on its way to Launch Pad