Build­ing up In­fra­struc­ture

Voice&Data - - COVER STORY -

It is im­por­tant that the tele­com and broad­band in­fra­struc­ture is fu­ture ready and fu­ture proof. Though, very lit­tle can ac­tu­ally be done to make the in­fra­struc­ture fu­ture proof in ac­tual terms; how­ever, planning and de­sign­ing can be taken in a way where the in­fra­struc­ture is prop­erly road-mapped to make it re­cep­tive to changes and up­grades in fu­ture. The in­fra­struc­ture has to be fluid in na­ture so that it can ab­sorb and in­te­grate the fu­ture changes and evo­lu­tions of tech­nol­ogy.

While do­ing so, the fo­cus has to be on the cities as well as vil­lages. Pri­vate en­ti­ties will be driven by busi­ness case and op­por­tu­ni­ties which are ex­plic­itly more and vis­i­ble in the ur­ban space and hence the in­fra­struc­ture with mul­ti­ple op­tions will get evolved in the ur­ban ar­eas through pri­vate par­ties’ in­ter­ven- tions. How­ever, the chal­lenge will be of de­ploy­ing the in­fra­struc­ture in the ru­ral ar­eas where the la­tent op­por­tu­nity could be of greater mag­ni­tude, but the na­ture of op­por­tu­nity can­not ex­cite the pri­vate en­ti­ties to push for a busi­ness case.

So, where in case of ur­ban ar­eas, pos­si­bly, govern­ment in­ter­ven­tions at pol­icy and reg­u­la­tory lev­els would push the up­take of Broad­band with pri­vate col­lab­o­ra­tion, there is a need of pol­icy+ fo­cus to ef­fec­tu­ate and ac­tu­ate the Broad­band in­fra­struc­ture and ser­vices in the ru­ral ar­eas.

Akin to spec­trum, govern­ment must lay its own fiber net­work and lease it out to pri­vate en­ti­ties so that there is equal and fair access to in­fra­struc­ture even to smaller play­ers who may wish to fo­cus within lim­ited ge­ogra­phies, es­pe­cially ru­ral ar­eas.

All Broad­band net­works and de­ploy­ments must be in­ter­op­er­a­ble. Cre­at­ing iso­lated net­works will not only de­prive lever­ag­ing for mul­ti­ple sce­nar­ios but also com­pli­cate the evo­lu­tion to­wards con­nected and one In­dia.

Us­ing sub Gi­ga­hertz (GHz) fre­quency bands for strength­en­ing the back­haul must be ex­plored and en­cour­aged. For in­stance, TV White Space could be deli­censed and used for Wi-Fi back­haul de­vel­op­ment.

To make the in­fra­struc­ture de­vel­op­ment for Broad­band sus­tain­able and vi­able for govern­ment, mod­er­ate rate of re­turn can be worked out by de­vis­ing leas­ing and rent­ing plans for the pri­vate and other in­fra­struc­ture us­ing en­ti­ties.

The norms for in­fra­struc­ture lay­ing,

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