LTE, a Cat­a­lyst for IoT

Voice&Data - - PREEONPLDES -

The In­ter­net of Things (IoT) also known as the in­dus­trial In­ter­net is grow­ing at a phe­nom­e­nal speed. The IoT mar­ket be­ing a vast seg­ment com­prises ev­ery­thing from pre­mium cars with the com­put­ing power of hun­dreds of mi­cro­pro­ces­sors and to low-cost sen­sors based on ba­sic mi­cro­con­trollers run­ning on coin-cell bat­ter­ies and it is here that LTE plays a key role in not only re­duc­ing costs but also be­ing far ef­fi­cient than in­cum­bent tech­nolo­gies.

LTE is much more spec­trally ef­fi­cient than pre­de­ces­sor tech­nolo­gies, en­abling op­er­a­tors to re­duce the cost of de­liv­er­ing data ser­vices be­low that of 3G and 2G. This ef­fi­ciency is driv­ing op­er­a­tors to ag­gres­sively de­ploy LTE net­works so they can move sub­scribers off their 2G and 3G net­works and on to LTE as quickly as pos­si­ble. Most coun­tries have vari­a­tions of two types of net­works: Global Sys­tem for Mo­bile com­mu­ni­ca­tions (GSM) and Code Di­vi­sion Mul­ti­ple Ac­cess (CDMA). Long Term Evo­lu­tion (LTE) is a fourth-gen­er­a­tion (4G) wire­less broad­band tech­nol­ogy, a stan­dard de­vel­oped in 2004 by the Third Gen­er­a­tion Part­ner­ship Project fo­rum (3GPP). Some coun­tries in­clud­ing USA, Ja­pan and Korea, have al­ready achieved nearly 100 per­cent LTE cov­er­age. For this pow­er­ful eco­nomic in­cen­tive, op­er­a­tors around the world are ag­gres­sively re­farm­ing their 2G and 3G spec­trum and mov­ing quickly to LTE as is done in the USA, Ja­pan and South Korea,

LTE cov­er­age al­ready ex­ceeds 3G cov­er­age and a world­wide trend has be­gun. Var­i­ous new de­vices are al­ready be­com­ing LTE-en­abled. For ex­am­ple, in con­sumer elec­tron­ics, dig­i­tal cam­eras, por­ta­ble game sys­tems, e-read­ers, tablets and me­dia play­ers. In M2M space, a wide va­ri­ety of telem­at­ics and teleme­try ap­pli­ca­tions, such as as­set, in­ven­tory, peo­ple track­ing, mo­bile, health, smart grid, dig­i­tal sig­nage and home se­cu­rity. Th­ese ap­pli­ca­tions per­form bet­ter and are more eco­nom­i­cal on LTE net­works than on 2G/3G. More­over, they present a huge op­por­tu­nity by in­tro­duc­ing thou­sands of de­vices, which can gen­er­ate new rev­enues streams.

While LTE is en­abling pos­si­ble rev­enue streams from the au­to­mo­tive seg­ment like in­te­grated in­fo­tain­ment etc., the real money may ac­tu­ally come from apps for fleet man­agers. This has re­sulted in the de­vel­op­ment of var­i­ous ap­pli­ca­tions that put LTE con­nec­tiv­ity and the In­ter­net of Things (IoT) at their core. Th­ese in­clude driver mon­i­tor­ing sys­tems that can ad­just in­sur­ance pre­mi­ums and us­age for driv­ers us­ing car – clubs, as well as main­te­nance and mon­i­tor­ing sys­tems that check the con­di­tion of key com­po­nents – from sim­ple mileage re­port­ing to en­sur­ing cus­tomers are billed cor­rectly and the ve­hi­cle is ser­viced reg­u­larly, to tire tread depth, oil lev­els and emis­sions mon­i­tor­ing. All th­ese data points con­trib­ute to­wards re­duc­ing cost of send­ing out a tech­ni­cian to check ve­hi­cles reg­u­larly.

Nowa­days, Tele­com com­pa­nies have made it easy and af­ford­able for its cus­tomers by of­fer­ing a line of LTE mod­ules with ev­ery­thing that is needed to pro­vide a com­plete LTE mo­dem sys­tem as all in one small “drop in” pack­age.

Th­ese days LTE com­mu­ni­ca­tions are able to match or out­per­form fixed lines, both in terms of speed and band­width, re­sult­ing in LTE be­com­ing a true wire­less al­ter­na­tive and a cat­a­lyst for im­prov­ing en­ter­prise net­works for the bet­ter – pro­vid­ing a level of flex­i­bil­ity not pos­si­ble with fixed line so­lu­tions alone. It is this level of flex­i­bil­ity and the abil­ity to scale rapidly, that is help­ing it drive the growth of the In­ter­net of Things.

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