I have a nine-month-old son. He had developed fever between 101-103 degrees, a few days back. When we took him to the doctor, he diagnosed the condition as hand foot and mouth disease. I am very worried. Please tell me what it is and how harmful it is?
Hand foot and mouth disease is a viral disease that usually affects children below the age of five years. It is airborne and the child can take 3-6 days to develop symptoms. It is usually a mild, self-limiting disease that is characterised by fever and blisters on the hands, feet and mouth. The blisters may break and form crust but usually do not itch.
Diagnosis is clinical and no tests are required for the same. Treatment is usually symptomatic i. e. paracetamol for the fever. In older children one can give cool drinks or ice cream to soothe the throat and avoid spicy foods. The disease usually subsides within 7-10 days.
My daughter is six years old. Could you please tell me what sort of toys I should buy for her so that they are help in the process of her mental and physical development besides giving her pleasure?
Creativity should be encouraged at this age. You could get her painting and drawing books and a lot of crayons. Blackboards with dustless chalk will help her improve her coordination skills as she tries to emulate her teacher. You could also get her plasticine to create various objects and simple construction sets.
I would like to know how many teeth a child has and in what order do they erupt so that I am prepared.
A child has a set of 20 milk teeth (upper and lower jaw combined) that comprise 2 incisors or front teeth, a canine on either side of the incisors and the 1st and 2nd molar at the back on either side on each jaw. Dentition begins at 6 months of age and is completed by 24 months. The 1st to appear are the lower central incisors at 6 months of age while the upper central incisors and the lower lateral incisors erupt at 7 months. The 1st molars appear between 12 to 14 months, the canines between 16- 18 months and the 2nd molars between 20-24 months.
I have an eight month’s old son and as yet he has not developed a sleep pattern. This is making all of us irritable. Please tell me how to make him sleep properly at proper times or is it too early to start doing the same.
This is the right time to develop a proper sleep pattern. To help him do so you could set a routine for every night and adhere to it. Put him to sleep at the same place so that he associates the place with sleep. Keep the area dimly lit and quiet so that he understands the difference between night and day. Do not switch on the lights while feeding. Quickly burp and change his nappy without talk or play as you would do in the day. You could put him to sleep by patting, singing to him, rocking or walking him around in your arms or in the pram. If he wakes up after he has settled down, gently soothe him back to sleep. Do not take him to the hustle-bustle area of the house that will provoke him to wake up. Such rituals may take up to an hour initially but after a month or so your baby will get the ‘it’s time to sleep’ message and will miraculously fall asleep within minutes. If you need to wake your baby up for whatever reason do not do so by shaking him. Such rough handling can be dangerous. Instead tickle his toes or blow gently on the cheek.
I have two kids, a son aged seven and a daughter aged five. As of now my servant and I are doing every thing for them. I would like them to grow up as independent individuals but do not know when to start asking them to take on responsibilities. When I try telling them to keep their shoes in the rack, etc. my mother-in-law intervenes, saying Saari umar padi hai kaam karne ke liye. Abhi se unpe bojh kyon daal rahi ho. Naukar chaker kis lie hai. And doubts begin to assail me. Please advise.
It is never too early to start making them take on responsibilities, despite the fact that you have servant at home and you are a non-working mother. Set a routine and ask them to tidy their room, water the plants or whatever else they are capable of doing. Discuss the matter with your mother-in-law separately and ask her not to contradict you in front of the children, especially when you are trying so hard to make them selfreliant. My son is five years old. For some time I have noticed dark circles under his eyes. Could it be because he plays on the computer, sleeps late and gets up late?
Besides hereditary, one of the commonest causes of dark circles under the eyes is lack of proper sleep. It is not good even for an adult leave alone a young child to spend so much time continuously at the computer. Dark circles will soon be the least of his problems. As time goes by he will suffer from dryness of eyes and pain in the back and neck so please regulate his time in front of the computer as soon as possible. An hour or so a day will suffice. See to it that he gets proper rest at the proper time, plenty of physical exercise and nutritious food. Correct anemia, if present. His dark circles will soon disappear. – Dr Amrinder Bajaj, MD.
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