HOW HORMONAL IMBALANCE AFFECTS INFERTILITY
Hormonal Imbalance and infertility have a direct correlation when your hormone are not balanced, your body does not work properly, and that is why it is a common cause of infertility in women. When you are trying to conceive it is important to replenish and balance your hormones first.
Some for the common disorder affecting fertility are:
Thyroid dysfunction – many women have undiagnosed thyroid disorder which can affect their ability to get pregnant. Having optimal level of thyroid hormone is important for conception and a healthy pregnancy. Hypothyroidism is more common and can affect fertility due to anovulatory cycle ( absence of egg formation), luteal phase defects ( deficiency of progesterone hormone), hyperprolactinemia ( raised level of prolactin hormone) which again affect egg formation and loss of libido (sexual desire).
Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a disease where tissue similar to the tissue that line the uterus can be found throughout the pelvis. It is characterized by painful periods ( dysmenorrhea), pain during intercourse (dysmenorrhea) and it is a common cause of infertility. Due to formation of adhesion’s there is distortion of the fallopine tube and ovaries which can interfere with the mechanics of fertilization and implantation. Endometriosis related inflammation procedure chemicals which interfere with egg quality, implantation and fertilization. Endometriosis can cause luteal phase defect ( low levels of progesterone) and poor buildup of uterine lining after ovulation.
Uterine Fibroids: Uterine fibroids are benign tumors of the uterus. Many fibroids do not interfere with fertility. The type that has an impact on reproduction formation is the submucous type that pushes into the uterine easily.
Ovarian cysts: Ovarian cysts are fluid- filled growths in the ovaries. Chocolate cysts resulting from endometriosis can affect fertility. Functional cysts cystadenoma and dermoid cyst, unless they become very large, do not affect fertility. Larger cysts can cause pain, distort anatomy, create scar tissue ( adhesions) or possible displace other reproductive organs,
PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome): PCOS is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods or excess mole hormone levels ( hyperandrogenism) resulting in excessive facial and body hairs an acne. The ovaries develop numerous small collections of fluids (follicles) and foil to regularly release eggs. Symptoms and signs of PCOS are typically more severe if a women is obese.
Prevalence of infertility in women with PCOS varies between 70 to 80%. Lifestyle change is considered the first line treatment for infertility in obese women with PCOS. A 5 to 10% loss in body weight many be associated with improvement in hyperandrogenism and ovulation rate.
Are you at risk for hormone balance problems?
Hormone related problems can affect anyone. However, you’re more at risk if you are obese, have irregular menstrual pattern, and have excessive facial or body hair. Exposure to hormone- mimics in personal care products can affect hormone levels, too. Be especially cautious before taking hormone containing drugs as they can cause serious disruptions in hormones, increase risk for reproductive cancer or affect fertility.
What can you do to maintain a healthy hormone balance?
• Maintain a healthy weight.
• Drink plenty of fluids.
• Exercise regularly.
• Eat high fiber foods.
About Metro Infertility Centre
Metro Infertility Centre provides full range of services, from simple evaluations and recommendations to state- of- the- art reproductive technologies. Patients are seen in a caring environment, where the major emphasis is placed not only on technological excellence but also on personal attention and emotional support.
Our Specialized Services
• Counseling and evaluation of Infertile couple
• Management of Male and female factors Infertility
• Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)
• In vitro fertilization (IVF)
• Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
• Surgical sperm retrieval for Azoospermia
• Egg & Sperm Donation
• Cryo preservation prior to Cancer treatment
• Oocyte freezing
• Embryo Freezing
• Laparoscopic & hysteroscopy fertility enhancing surgeries.
The infertile couples must undergo a set of advanced tests before the commencement of any treatment to select the right kind of fertility treatment for couples based on the initial reports.
Dr Arun Kumar Singh Consultant - Endocrinologist and Diabetologist Dr Vineeta Kharb Infertility/ivf Specialist and Consultant OBG