MY BABY HAD A THICK CRUST ON HIS SCALP. I AM VERY particular about his hygiene and yet this flaky sort of thing has appeared. Please tell me what is it due to and how to get rid of it?
The crusty flakes that some babies have on their head, is called cradle cap or seborrhric dermatitis. It is a form of dandruff common in infants. The greasy surface scales on the scalp in mild cases respond well to a massage with oil followed by a thorough shampoo that removes the crust along with the oil. In those cases where the flaking is heavy and there are brownish patches or yellowish crustiness, a visit to the doctor is warranted.
Since the condition worsens with sweating make sure to keep your baby’s head cool. Avoid covering his head unless absolutely necessary. Occasionally cradle cap may persist throughout the first year but as it causes no problems and is only cosmetically unappealing do not try vigorous methods of removing it.
IHAVE A THREE MONTHS OLD BABY AND LIVE ABROAD. MY parents helped me out in the initial days after delivery but now their visa has expired and they will go back to India. I will now have to fend for myself. Though I am not a working woman I have to do all the chores myself including going to the supermarket etc. Please tell me what is the right way of commuting with a baby? It will not be always possible to carry him in a pram as I often travel by the tube.
Till the age of four months one should use baby carriers that are attached in front for the baby cannot support his head. After four months the baby can be carried in backpacks. Prams should have a sound frame, sound brakes and handles of the right height. Cars should have rear facing infant restrains held in place with adult seat belts. If traveling long distance, one must carry adequate amounts of diapers, wet wipes and formula milk ( if the baby is being bottle fed), basic medicines, linen and clothes.
WOULD LIKE TO KNOW HOW MANY MILK TEETH A CHILD HAS AND what is the order of their eruption?
A child has a set of 20 milk teeth (upper and lower jaws combined) that comprise of 2 incisors or front teeth, a canine on either side of the incisors and the 1st and 2nd molar at the back on either side on each jaw. Dentition begins at 6 months of age and is completed by 24 months. The 1st to appear are the lower central incisors at 6 months of age while the upper central incisors and the lower lateral incisors erupt at 7 months. The 1st molars appear between 12 to 14 months, the canines between 16-18 months and the 2nd molars between 20-24 months.
MY SON IS FOUR- AND- A- HALF- MONTHS OLD. This time when I visited his paediatrician I was told that I would have to start weaning him soon. What did he mean by that? Also please tell me how It is done.
Weaning is the process by which a baby gets used to eating family food and relies less on breast milk. Weaning should begin around 5 months of age. Start with juices and soups and later add cereals like rice. Start with one food at a time. Give small quantities at first and gradually increase the amount over a period of time. Respect the baby’s tastes for, like us, they too have individual preferences. Use foods rich in energy and nutrients and avoid unhygienic foods. Proteins are required for body building, carbohydrates and fats for energy while vitamins and minerals for overall development.
A balanced diet includes bread / cereals / rice, vegetables, fruits, milk/ cheese, meat/ poultry/ dals. Continue breast feeding as long as possible.
MY 12- YEAR-OLD SON DEVELOPS ULCERS IN THE MOUTH OFF and on. They are quite painful and he experiences difficulty in eating. Please tell me why they occur and what should be done about them.
Mouth ulcers occur due to a variety of reasons ranging from digestive problems, allergies, stress, fatigue, illness, injury, deficiency of Vitamin B12 and folic acid. Good oral hygiene is of paramount importance. See that he avoids spicy foods as they aggravate the condition. Strong mouth washes irritate the ulcers and are best avoided. Local applications and pain killers help alleviate the symptoms but do not cure the disease. Take him to a specialist.
IHAVE RECENTLY ADOPTED A BABY AND THOUGH I AM VERY happy, I am also nervous at the responsibility of raising a child. Everything gives me the jitters. Am I giving her enough milk or am I giving her more than required? Please lay these fears at least to rest and tell me how much does a growing child require.
As you have not given me the exact age of the baby you have adopted I will give you a brief overview of a child’s requirements in the first year of life. However there is no hard and fast rule and the requirement varies from baby to baby. An approximation is given below: