CARE AND CURE OF HU­MAN BITES

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Woman's Era - - Contents - Jaidev Sharma

A STUDY RE­VEALS THAT BITES CAN TRANS­MIT THE HU­MAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) AS WELL AS THE HEP­ATI­TIS B VIRUS AND OTHER DIS­EASES. THUS, SOME­ONE WHO HAS A HU­MAN BITE WOUND SHOULD GET PROMPT FIRST AID AND SEE A DOC­TOR AS SOON AS POS­SI­BLE.

Ac­cord­ing to a news-item pub­lished in a news­pa­per dated 8 April 2018, Chand­kheda po­lice ar­rested a lo­cal cor­po­ra­tor of Ahmed­abad for bit­ing the first fin­ger of a woman po­lice sub-in­spec­tor’s right hand.

As the hu­man mouth is heav­ily laden with germs and bac­te­ria that are car­ried into the wound dur­ing bit­ing in­fec­tion can oc­cur eas­ily.

A study re­veals that bites can trans­mit the Hu­man Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) as well as the hep­ati­tis B virus and other dis­eases. Thus, some­one who has a hu­man bite wound should get prompt first aid and see a doc­tor as soon as pos­si­ble af­ter the in­jury, es­pe­cially if the skin is bro­ken. Any bite that breaks the skin is at risk for in­fec­tion and dis­eases trans­mis­sion. Hence, tetanus preven­tion is nec­es­sary.

Some­times the wound is in­curred di­rectly over a ten­don or joint. In a fight, a punch to the mouth can re­sult in an in­di­rect bite in­jury at the knuckle joint or may re­sult in spread of bac­te­ria along the sheath of the ten­don which can lead to a se­vere in­fec­tion. Joint in­fec­tion can lead to sep­tic arthri­tis. In­jury

✿ An in­abil­ity to bend or straighten the fin­ger.

✿ A loss of sen­sa­tion over the tip of the fin­ger.

✿ Blue­ness of the fin­ger or cold­ness over it.

In­fec­tion

✿ Al­though all bites hurt ini­tially, the pain usu­ally gets steadily bet­ter. If a bite be­gins to hurt more, this can be the first sign of in­fec­tion. ✿ Some bruis­ing and red­ness is ex­pected but this should not get worse af­ter the first few hours. An in­crease in red­ness is a warn­ing sign of in­fec­tion.

✿ Some swelling is ex­pected ini­tially but, if the bite swells more af­ter the first day, it may be a sign of in­fec­tion.

✿ A fever in some­one with a bite should be a cause of worry.

Take care and fol­low tips given be­low to cure the wound well:

Don’t put the bit­ten area in your mouth or suck or lick the wound.

✿ Wash the wound im­me­di­ately and thor­oughly. Use soap and wa­ter. Ap­ply an an­tibi­otic oint­ment and cover with a clean washed cloth or ker­chief.

✿ If there is bleed­ing, ap­ply di­rect pres­sure with a city clean cloth. Cover the wound with a clean dress­ing. El­e­vate the area and seek med­i­cal help.

✿ Change ban­dages when soiled, moist­ened, at least once a day.

✿ Take pre­scribed medicines as di­rected un­til the full course is com­pleted.

✿ Don’t ig­nore hu­man bites on the hand. Seek care ur­gently. We

Here are some signs and symp­toms to know about your in­jury and in­fec­tions:

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