THESE DAYS WE HEAR THAT A LOT OF NEWBORN BABIES GET jaundice. Why is it so? My wife is pregnant and as far as possible I would not want my child to suffer from this condition.
The jaundice that newborns geet is not the infective type. It is a physiological conditon that occurs in approximately 50% of newborns. It is characterised by yellowish discoloration of the skin and the white of the eyes and appears on the second or third day of birth, disappearing within 1 to 2 weeks. The yellowing begins in the upper par of the body and spreads downwards. This is not an infective condition but occurs because the baby in the womb has higher heamoglobin levels than a newborn as the former has to extract oxygen from the maternal blood while the latter gets it directly from the air. As there is no need for the extra red blood cells after birth they are destroyed. Jaundice is caused by the accumulation of bilirubin (a waste product produced by the breakdown of red blood cells) in the blood, skin, and other tissues as the immature liver of the newborn is unable to remove this substance effectively from the body.
MY WIFE HAD A NORMAL DELIVERY. DUE TO A PAUCITY OF beds in the hospital we were sent home the very next day and asked to bring the baby back for a check-up after three days. To our horror we were told that he has developed severe jaundice and needs to be readmitted. What are the repercussions of such a situation? I am very worried.
If the jaundice appears early or the bilirubin levels are high ( as in your case) the baby needs admission for phototherapy or even exchange transfusion at times. During phototherapy the child is kept under blue lights for days with the eyes and genitalia covered for protection. This will probably suffice in the case of your baby and he will be allright in a few days. Exchange transfusion is required when the bilirubin levels are so high that there is a possibility of the brain being affected. This usually occurs if the mother is Rh negative and the father Rh positive. The baby’s blood is replaced by fresh blood which brings down the biluribin levels immediately effect so that brain damage is averted or minimised.
IHAVE A THREE-AND-A-HALF YEAR-OLD SON. HE IS ACTIVE AND intelligent but hasn’t yet started speaking. We took him to a doctor who got him tested and said everything is normal. We are both working and he is our only child. Please tell me what to do. As he is an only child left in the care of a servant perhaps while you both go for work chances are, that he is not being talked with much. If he doesn’t hear words how will he speak them? Interact with him verbally as much as possible even if he does not respond. See that he mingles with other children of his age. If lack in communication is the only reason for his decreased verbal skills, he will soon start talking. If there is a family history of delay in speech on your side or your husband’s it could be the cause and he will begin speaking by and by. MY DAUGHTER HAS GOT DANDRUFF IN HER HAIR. PLEASE TELL ME what should I do to get rid of it.
Dandruff is a condition charaterised by an itching and flaky scalp. It could be either the dry or oily. In the former the scales are fine, thin white or grayish white in colour. There is mild to moderate itching and the hair is dry and lustreless. It occurs commonly in winter. The other type occurs in oily hair, may be confined to patches or spread all over the scalp. It may lead to gradual thinning and loss of hair. Visit a skin specialist and get the appropriate shampoo/ drug for local application to get rid of the condition. I HAVE A SIX-MONTH-OLD SON. PLEASE TELL ME IF MASSAGING IS beneficial and what is the right way of doing it.
Research has shown that regular massage benefits the baby. It moisturises the skin and scalp, promotes motherchild bonding and enhances the psychological well being of the child.
You could begin by massaging the scalp with mild oil and then move over to the body. Rub some oil between your palms, hold the baby’s foot with one hand and move the other hand from his buttocks to his foot. Follow the same motion with the other hand. Alternate both hands in this way taking care not to squeeze the leg. Repeat this motion in the reverse. You can flex and relax the foot and roll the baby’s leg between both hands. Repeat with the other leg.
Now place both your hands in the centre of his chest and move them outwards around his chest. Next place one hand on his belly button and move it gently downwards. Follow with the other hand. For the arms, place both hands on the center of the baby’s rib cage and move them outwards over his shoulders, upper, lower arms and hands in on smooth motion. As for his face, put both your hands on his forehead and slide them down the sides of his face with your thumbs massaging the sides of his nose. Lastly make small circular motions over the baby’s cheeks in front of the ears, loop around the ears and chin.
I HAVE A SEVEN-YEAR-OLD DAUGHTER WHO HAS GOT LICE IN HER hair. Please tell me how to get rid of it?
Apply a medicated lotion, prescribed by the doctor on her head and wash her hair thoroughly after 24 hours. Repeat the treatment after a week so that the nits that have matured into lice by this time are eradicated.