About Bali

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GE­O­GRAPH­I­CALLY, SIT­U­ATED BE­TWEEN THE IS­LANDS OF JAVA AND LOM­BOK, Bali is small, stretch­ing ap­prox­i­mately 140 km from east to west, and 80 km from north to south. The tallest of a string of vol­canic moun­tains that run from the east to the west is Gu­nung Agung, which last erupted in 1963. Lo­cated just 8º south of the Equa­tor, Bali boasts a trop­i­cal cli­mate with just two sea­sons (wet and dry) a year with an av­er­age tem­per­a­ture of around 28ºC. The wide and gen­tly slop­ing south­ern re­gions play host to Bali’s famed rice ter­races, which are among some of the most spec­tac­u­lar in the world. In the hilly, north­ern coastal re­gions, the main pro­duce is cof­fee, co­pra, spices, veg­eta­bles, cat­tle and rice.

The Ba­li­nese have strong spir­i­tual roots and de­spite the large in­flux of tourists over the years, their cul­ture is still very much alive. The main re­li­gion is Agama Hindu Dharma, which, al­though orig­i­nally from In­dia, is com­prised of a unique blend of Hindu, Bud­dhist, Ja­vanese and an­cient in­dige­nous be­liefs; It is very dif­fer­ent from the Hin­duism prac­ticed in In­dia to­day. Nat­u­rally cre­ative, the Ba­li­nese have tra­di­tion­ally used their tal­ents for re­li­gious pur­poses and most of the beau­ti­ful work to be seen here has been in­spired by sto­ries from the Ra­mayana and other Hindu epics.

With a rep­u­ta­tion as one of the most beau­ti­ful and di­verse tourist spots in Asia. Bali an­nu­ally at­tracts al­most 7,000,000 vis­i­tors yearly from around the world.

The ma­jor­ity of Bali’s 4,000,000 peo­ple live, for the most part, in tight vil­lage com­mu­ni­ties with large ex­tended fam­i­lies. The largest cities are Den­pasar (the cap­i­tal) and Sin­garaja in the north. The main tourist area stretches from Kuta to Seminyak. Kuta be­came a ma­jor at­trac­tion dur­ing the tourist boom of the 70’s be­cause of its fa­mous white-sand beaches, the surf, and stun­ning sun­sets.

To­day, the stretch from Kuta to Seminyak is a ma­jor tourist des­ti­na­tion, with hun­dreds of ho­tels, bars, restau­rants and shops. Those in search of a lit­tle peace and quiet tend to head for the more serene re­sorts of Sa­nur and Candi Dasa on the east coast, or Lov­ina in the north. Nusa Dua, on the south­ern-most penin­sula of the is­land, houses many five-star ho­tels. The cen­tral vil­lage of Ubud, in the hilly re­gion of Gian­yar, has also blos­somed as a tourist at­trac­tion and is now con­sid­ered to be the artis­tic and cul­tural cen­tre of Bali.

Photo Courtesy of Agus Manu­aba

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