When it comes to crime, Na­tional Po­lice Chief Muham­mad Tito Kar­na­vian is the man with the plan writes Mariel Grazella

Indonesia Tatler - - Contents -

Na­tional Po­lice Chief Tito Kar­na­vian is all about plans for com­bat­ing crime and his busy re­tire­ment

Men with po­si­tions of power in of­fice tend to look at their pend­ing re­tire­ments with un­ease, ag­i­tated at the thought of los­ing all the perks and priv­i­leges at­tached to their seats. But Na­tional Po­lice Chief Muham­mad Tito Kar­na­vian, be­ing the for­ward-thinker he is, has proac­tively drawn up a plan to pre­vent him­self from latch­ing on to what would be the past.

“I do not want there to be any post­power syn­drome,” he says about his view on re­tire­ment, adding that ide­ally, lead­ers stayed at the peak of their ca­reers for only up to four years. “The faster, the bet­ter,” he adds.

On what he plans to do when his ten­ure as na­tional po­lice chief ends, Tito points out that he is seek­ing to go to an Ivy League univer­sity in the US to take up stud­ies in in­ter­na­tional re­la­tions with a fo­cus on vi­o­lence and ter­ror­ism.

“I have never be­lieved in chas­ing af­ter job ti­tles only,” he says, adding that un­like ca­reers, knowl­edge will never run out even “un­til the mo­ment we pass away”.

“I am con­sid­er­ing pur­su­ing fur­ther stud­ies in the US be­cause I would like to ex­pand my ca­reer glob­ally, and I be­lieve that the univer­sity I aim to en­ter will fa­cil­i­tate this,” he says. He points out that be­ing in univer­sity would also be less stress­ful, there­fore al­low­ing him to have a more mean­ing­ful life.

Be­sides be­ing a dec­o­rated mem­ber of the In­done­sian po­lice corps, Tito has a track record of be­ing an in­tel­lect. He earned a PHD, magna cum laude, from the S. Ra­jarat­nam School of In­ter­na­tional Stud­ies in 2013 for his ex­plo­ration of ter­ror­ism and Is­lamist rad­i­cal­i­sa­tion. “That study [ter­ror­ism] piques my in­ter­est be­cause I am si­mul­ta­ne­ously an aca­demi­cian and a prac­ti­tioner in that field,” he says.

Tito, who grad­u­ated from the na­tional po­lice academy in 1987, has also re­ceived a Mas­ter’s de­gree in Po­lice Stud­ies from the Univer­sity of Ex­eter in the UK ow­ing to a Bri­tish Coun­cil schol­ar­ship.

He adds that strength in for­mal ed­u­ca­tion lies in its em­pha­sis on sci­en­tif­i­cally proven knowl­edge. Tito has even adopted many lead­er­ship the­o­ries in man­ag­ing his men, point­ing out that hav­ing a re­serve of con­cep­tual knowl­edge has aided him in analysing which course of ac­tion to make.

“Hu­mans learn from their ex­pe­ri­ence and oth­ers. Since a per­son is lim­ited in time and space, for­mal ed­u­ca­tion is a con­duit through which he or she can ex­pand his or her views,” he says.

One the­ory he im­ple­ments in man­age­ment is that of com­mon in­ter­ests—a healthy or­gan­i­sa­tion is that which al­lows in­di­vid­u­als to achieve their goas while work­ing to­wards that of the or­gan­i­sa­tion’s.

“A good leader is one who ac­com­mo­dates the needs of his men. For me, this is the rea­son why it is crit­i­cal for lead­ers to have in­ter­per­sonal skills and em­pa­thy as th­ese are two in­di­vid­ual char­ac­ter­is­tics which will al­low lead­ers to gain loy­alty from col­leagues,” he says.

Ob­serv­ing his ca­reer, Tito has proven that he is speak­ing from his own ex­pe­ri­ence. Tito rose up the ranks ow­ing to his abil­ity to lead his men in tack­ling ma­jor cases. He first tack­led crimes in the capital city, the launch­pad to his rapid as­cent to the

peak, in­clud­ing a po­si­tion in the anti-ter­ror de­tach­ment at the Jakarta po­lice.

His var­i­ous key po­si­tions have ex­posed him to cases that cap­tured the at­ten­tion of the na­tional and in­ter­na­tional com­mu­ni­ties. High-pro­file cases un­der Tito’s watch in­cluded the mur­der of then- Supreme Court Jus­tice Safi­udin Kar­tasas­mita, ter­ror bombs at the Em­bassy of the Philip­pines in Jakarta and the Jakarta Stock Ex­change, and the cap­ture of ter­ror­ist head No­ordin M. Top.

He was sta­tioned out­side Jakarta as well, and was in­structed to in­ves­ti­gate para­mil­i­tary ter­ror­ist train­ing in Aceh, North Su­ma­tra, and sep­a­ratist move­ments in Pa­pua. “My time as the Re­gional Po­lice Chief of Pa­pua is one ex­pe­ri­ence that stands out. My men and I risked our safety as we had to en­gage in gun­fire with sep­a­ratists in re­mote ar­eas,” he says.

He adds that as In­done­sia moves into the fu­ture, the coun­try would face an in­creas­ing vol­ume of con­tin­gency crimes, or crimes trig­gered by other changes in the en­vi­ron­ment.

“The phe­nom­ena of glob­al­i­sa­tion and ad­vance­ments in in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy, trans­porta­tion, and com­mu­ni­ca­tion have cre­ated bor­der­less com­mu­ni­ca­tion be­tween peo­ple,” he says, adding that the con­di­tions above prompt transna­tional crimes.

He adds that the growth of the In­done­sian mid­dle class, known for its con­sump­tive power, would sim­i­larly give rise to crimes such as the traf­fick­ing of drugs, firearms, and hu­mans. “So­cial con­flicts are an­other con­tin­gent crime,” he says. “De­spite the ris­ing mid­dle class, In­done­sia is still de­mo­graph­i­cally dom­i­nated by the lower class. A strong na­tion is one with a large mid­dle class.”

He notes that to quell transna­tional and con­tin­gent crimes, the In­done­sian po­lice and govern­ment both need to adopt proac­tive strate­gies and cease re­act­ing like a fire brigade. “We need a good po­lit­i­cal sys­tem on one side and a strong govern­ment on the other to act as checks and bal­ances for the na­tion,” he says.

“We need a good po­lit­i­cal sys­tem on one side and a strong govern­ment on the other to act as checks and bal­ances for the na­tion.”


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