Enjoying a Classic Town in Slovakia
Exploring every beautiful and historical destination in Slovakia is guaranteed to instil an appreciation for this East Central European country in your memory for years to come.
lovakia is located in Central Europe, surrounded by the Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine, Hungary and Austria. This country offers many beautiful sites to explore. Magnificent mountains, plains and rivers, historical towns and remarkable cultural events make Slovakia a must-visit destination. The capital, Bratislava, is a popular destination but historical places are also a magnificent destination in Slovakia. A visit to the old town of Slovakia will enrich your experience. Here are some of the best historic and cultural sites in Slovakia:
Historic Town of Banská
Banska Stiavnica is a beautiful old classic town in Slovakia. If you are here you will see that this medieval mining centre grew into a town with Renaissance palaces, 16th century churches, elegant squares and castles. The urban centre blends into the surrounding landscape, which contains vital relics of the mining and metallurgical activities of the past that make Banská Štiavnica a history-lover’s destination. See all the several centuries of architecture here as if telling the story of the town’s development, its successes and its tragedies. In the past, this town was the main producer of silver in Hungary and one of the most significant mining towns in Europe. The first news written on the extraction of the precious metals and silver dates from 1075. Its privilege as a city of the mining industry date back to 1238. The Stiavnica seal from 1275 is also the oldest representation of the town’s fortifications, and is a pre-heraldic topographic symbol, with mining implements set into the Arms. The incredible places of this town that will amaze you include St. Catherine’s church in late-Gothic style, also called the Slovak church, built from
1443 to1491, and the church of the Ascension of the Virgin Mary, the parish church, that in origin was a Romanesque basilica with three naves, built in the years around 1230. The original furnishings inside have conserved the main altar from first part of the 18th century, with three side altars and pews from the 18th century. When the door is open, step inside and see the incredible wooden organ balcony. The Evangelical church built around 1794 to 96, is richly decorated and has a very precious organ inside. Other remarkable religious building are found on the Calvary Hill. This is a complex of three churches and 22 chapels with precious painted decorations, furnished with wooden and blacksmith panels and wooden painted reliefs. All the churches and chapels are set into the western side of a solid lava column in the middle of an ancient volcano, a hill named Scharffenberg. Holy Trinity is the main tourist site and the most beautiful place in Banska Stiavnica. The square is lined by splended old houses. Here you can find a collection of burgher houses, the town gallery, the Slovak Mining Museum’s mineralogical exhibition, and, rising above all these, the Old Castle. You can spend a day or even a whole week here and would not run out of things to do or see. Your holiday would be memorable. The city of Levoca is located in the heart of a region called Spis. There, you can find the tallest Gothic wooden altar in the world and other interesting monuments enclosed within the town walls. This lovely historical city is the ideal venue at which to spend a few hours sightseeing.
A must-see UNESCO world heritage site, this is one of the largest castles in Central Europe. Spis Castle was built some 900 years ago, in the 12th century, on the site of an earlier one. Spis Castle stands on a hill more than 2,000 feet high. Your will enjoy the great views out of the castle hill, and you will see that the Slovakian countryside and Tatras mountains in the distance are beautiful. Inside the castle you will find a well preserved dungeon, sleeping quarters, kitchen and various other rooms within its historic walls. Your trip to Slovakia would not be complete if you did not visit Spis Castle.
Anoher building in the town square is the Old Town Hall, which was built in 1550. Its arches make it a fine example of Renaissance architecture. There are some expositions of the Spis Museum on the first floor of the Town Hall. Its Session Hall is used for local government meetings. This is an attractive place located in the center of one of the best old villages. To walk through the entrance is like stepping 500 years into the past.The paintings around the hall show the history of the town.
St. Jacob’s Church
St Jacob church is a Roman Catholic edifice, and one of the most important sacral buildings in Slovakia. Inside is the tallest late-Gothic altar in the world, portraying Mary with Jesus, as well as the 12 apostles, carved by Master Pavol.
If you are in Slovakia do not miss the opportunity to visit Vlkolinec, a village in Velka Fatra. It is an excellent example of old rustic architecture. Vlkolinec is village with two rows of houses with long courtyards. This is the only village in Slovakia that has not been disturbed by new development. There are 45 houses in Vlkolinec, each made up of two or three rooms. There are several architectural jewels. The well and the bell-tower are among them. They both played important parts in the past; the well is still the only source of drinking water in the village. The bell-foundry was built in 1770, the baroque-classical church (of Our Lady) in 1875.
Caves of Aggtelek Karst and
The Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst isa UNESCO World Heritage site consisting of 712 caves spread out over a total area of 55,800 ha along the border of Hungary and Slovakia.
Bardejov is one of the most beautiful towns in Slovakia. It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2000. This town is located in north-eastern Slovakia, in the hills of the Beskyd Mountains. Bardejov offers a lot of architectural and cultural gems. The town centre is in the form of a rectangular main square, enclosed on three sides by 46 burgher houses, the parish basilica of St Egidius, the Town Hall (the first building in Slovakia with Renaissance stone moulding) and Great Jewish Synagogue with ritual baths and a kosher slaughterhouse. Six kilometers away from Bardejov are the notorious