Mod­ern face for Soekarno-Hatta Int’l Air­port


The Jakarta Post - Magazine - - Contents - THE JAKARTA POST/JAKARTA

When­ever pas­sen­gers of an air­plane land at SoekarnoHatta In­ter­na­tional Air­port in Tangerang, Ban­ten, in­con­ve­nience is the first thing they feel af­ter their feet touch the ground of its ter­mi­nal build­ings.

Crowded, packed halls full of peo­ple, cou­pled with long queues at im­mi­gra­tion coun­ters and slow de­liv­ery of bag­gage, have al­ways been reg­u­lar ex­pe­ri­ences for those who travel to and from Jakarta through the coun­try’s top gate for civil air trans­porta­tion.

Get­ting in and out of the air­port area is also a strug­gle as heavy con­ges­tion oc­curs on al­most ev­ery street of Jakarta, not to men­tion in the Soekarno-Hatta area it­self, which is only ac­ces­si­ble by pri­vate car, taxi and one type of pub­lic bus through al­ready dense toll roads and mo­tor­cy­cles through reg­u­lar roads.

Such con­di­tions would be unattrac­tive for trav­el­ers, in­clud­ing for­eign tourists, whose num­bers are ex­pected to in­crease to at least 12 mil­lion peo­ple this year from 9.73 mil­lion peo­ple last year.

As there are more peo­ple trav­el­ing by air, thanks to eco­nomic growth, the air­port op­er­a­tor has ad­mit­ted that Soekarno-Hatta’s ca­pac­ity is no longer able to con­tain the mas­sive flows of pas­sen­gers.

Statis­tics pro­vided by Soekarno-Hatta op­er­a­tor Angkasa Pura II (AP II) show that there were at least 57.2 mil­lion pas­sen­gers mov­ing through the air­port in 2014, mean­ing that the fig­ure was 260.1 per­cent over the air­port’s de­sign ca­pac­ity of 22 mil­lion an­nu­ally. As of Fe­bru­ary, the to­tal num­ber of pas­sen­gers served by the air­port even reached 62 mil­lion per year.

Other data also re­veal that SoekarnoHatta was, in fact, the world’s 25th busiest air­port in terms of air­craft flows in 2013. In terms of pas­sen­ger flows, the air­port was ranked the world’s 10th, the Asia-Pa­cific’s fourth and ASEAN’s busiest.

In or­der to solve the is­sues, the sta­te­owned air­port op­er­a­tor Angkasa Pura II came up with a solution in 2012 when it started the de­vel­op­ment of the Ter­mi­nal 3 Ul­ti­mate project, which is a mas­sive ex­ten­sion of the ex­ist­ing Ter­mi­nal 3.

The up­com­ing new struc­ture cov­ers a to­tal area of 422,804 square me­ters, more than 330,000 sqm of which will be the ter­mi­nal zone that can serve at least 25 mil­lion pas­sen­gers per year, a sig­nif­i­cant in­crease from the 4 mil­lion served cur­rently by the ex­ist­ing Ter­mi­nal 3.

Aside from the 6,124 sqm VVIP build­ing, the new ter­mi­nal will also have an 85,578 sqm park­ing build­ing that will boast a ca­pac­ity for at least 2,400 four-wheeled ve­hi­cles and 1,200 mo­tor­cy­cles.

“We based the grand de­sign of Ter­mi­nal 3 Ul­ti­mate on the con­cept of a mixture of mod­ernism and In­done­sia’s cul­tural di­ver­sity, while also pri­or­i­tiz­ing qual­ity and com­fort for pas­sen­gers,” AP II pres­i­dent director Budi Karya said in an in­ter­view re­cently.

Dec­o­rated with tra­di­tional and con­tem­po­rary In­done­sian art­work, the two-story ter­mi­nal prom­ises bet­ter ameni­ties to fa­cil­i­tate the flow of peo­ple, in­clud­ing an ad­vanced bag­gage han­dling sys­tem and large im­mi­gra­tion, visa-on-ar­rival and check-in ar­eas.

For bag­gage de­liv­ery, each in­ter­na­tional and do­mes­tic flight will have seven bag­gage con­veyor belts, while the check-in area will con­sist of 206 check-in coun­ters and 24 self­check-in and bag drop coun­ters.

As many as 10 in­ter­na­tional and 18 do­mes­tic de­par­ture board­ing gates are to be lo­cated in the large board­ing lounge on the first floor and each of them will be com­ple­mented with sky-bridges.

Mean­while, about 60,000 sqm will be ded­i­cated for open spa­ces, or a “pub­lic plaza”, and com­mer­cial ar­eas, di­vided into first, mez­za­nine and se­cond floors.

In or­der to re­duce traf­fic con­ges­tion around the whole air­port, the Ter­mi­nal 3 Ul­ti­mate will use an in­te­grated elec­tric train sys­tem called a “peo­ple mover”, which will con­nect Ter­mi­nals 1, 2 and 3.

En­hanc­ing ac­cess to and from the air­port, Budi said AP II would build a new in­te­grated ter­mi­nal for pub­lic Damri buses and up­grade the ex­ist­ing air­port taxi sys­tem to pre­vent long queues.

Pas­sen­gers will also have an­other option to ac­cess the air­port as AP II is cur­rently in the process of con­struct­ing an ex­press train line con­nect­ing Mang­garai Sta­tion in South Jakarta with Soekarno-Hatta, which is ex­pected to start op­er­at­ing in the first quar­ter of next year when the com­pany com­pletes the peo­ple-mover sys­tem.

Ac­cord­ing to the project plan, peo­ple will only have to spend about 40 min­utes trav­el­ing be­tween Mang­garai Sta­tion and Soekarno-Hatta, where they can con­nect to the in­te­grated peo­ple-mover trains to reach ei­ther Ter­mi­nal 1, 2 or 3.

“We pre­dict that at least 30 per­cent of all pas­sen­gers will use the Mang­garai-Soekarno Hatta train. We are also plan­ning to build a rail­way from the east­ern part of Jakarta,” Budi said in an in­ter­view re­cently.

Budi said the com­pany would be ready to op­er­ate the first phase of the Ter­mi­nal 3 Ul­ti­mate in May in par­al­lel with the shift­ing of all do­mes­tic flights un­der na­tional flag car­rier Garuda In­done­sia from the ex­ist­ing Ter­mi­nal 2 and 3 to the new ter­mi­nal.

He said the de­vel­op­ment progress was on sched­ule as the project’s con­struc­tion reached 93.9 per­cent com­ple­tion in late Fe­bru­ary.

“With all of Garuda’s do­mes­tic flights moved to the Ul­ti­mate, there will be ap­prox­i­mately 12 mil­lion pas­sen­gers served in the first phase, fol­lowed by the se­cond and third ones. The to­tal ca­pac­ity will reach 25 mil­lion pas­sen­gers per year,” he said.

Dur­ing the se­cond phase, or ap­proach­ing year-end, Budi said all flights un­der sev­eral global air­line al­liances, such as Sky Team, of which Garuda In­done­sia is a mem­ber, and One World, would be shifted to the new ter­mi­nal and served with newly up­graded run­ways.

In the third phase, which will take place in March next year, all Garuda and in­ter­na­tional flights will use the newly ex­panded Ter­mi­nal 3 com­pletely, he added.

Budi said the whole ef­fort was based on a vi­sion to make Soekarno-Hatta ASEAN’s se­cond-largest tran­sit air­port to com­pete with other ma­jor play­ers.

“We will ask Sky Team mem­bers to ded­i­cate a num­ber of their flights to choose Soekarno-Hatta as their tran­sit air­ports. For in­stance, Korean Air flights to Aus­tralia may use Soekarno-Hatta as their tran­sit, rather than Changi In­ter­na­tional Air­port in Sin­ga­pore,” he said.

JP/Wen­dra Ajisty­atama

Wel­come to Jakarta: Ve­hi­cles en­ter Ter­mi­nal 3 of Soekarno-Hatta In­ter­na­tional Air­port in Tangerang, Ban­ten. The first phase of the con­struc­tion of the new ter­mi­nal is sched­uled for com­ple­tion in May.

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