Modern face for Soekarno-Hatta Int’l Airport
THE NEW TERMINAL 3 COVERS A TOTAL AREA OF 422,804 SQUARE METERS, MORE THAN 330,000 SQM OF WHICH WILL BE USED FOR PASSENGER FACILITIES
Whenever passengers of an airplane land at SoekarnoHatta International Airport in Tangerang, Banten, inconvenience is the first thing they feel after their feet touch the ground of its terminal buildings.
Crowded, packed halls full of people, coupled with long queues at immigration counters and slow delivery of baggage, have always been regular experiences for those who travel to and from Jakarta through the country’s top gate for civil air transportation.
Getting in and out of the airport area is also a struggle as heavy congestion occurs on almost every street of Jakarta, not to mention in the Soekarno-Hatta area itself, which is only accessible by private car, taxi and one type of public bus through already dense toll roads and motorcycles through regular roads.
Such conditions would be unattractive for travelers, including foreign tourists, whose numbers are expected to increase to at least 12 million people this year from 9.73 million people last year.
As there are more people traveling by air, thanks to economic growth, the airport operator has admitted that Soekarno-Hatta’s capacity is no longer able to contain the massive flows of passengers.
Statistics provided by Soekarno-Hatta operator Angkasa Pura II (AP II) show that there were at least 57.2 million passengers moving through the airport in 2014, meaning that the figure was 260.1 percent over the airport’s design capacity of 22 million annually. As of February, the total number of passengers served by the airport even reached 62 million per year.
Other data also reveal that SoekarnoHatta was, in fact, the world’s 25th busiest airport in terms of aircraft flows in 2013. In terms of passenger flows, the airport was ranked the world’s 10th, the Asia-Pacific’s fourth and ASEAN’s busiest.
In order to solve the issues, the stateowned airport operator Angkasa Pura II came up with a solution in 2012 when it started the development of the Terminal 3 Ultimate project, which is a massive extension of the existing Terminal 3.
The upcoming new structure covers a total area of 422,804 square meters, more than 330,000 sqm of which will be the terminal zone that can serve at least 25 million passengers per year, a significant increase from the 4 million served currently by the existing Terminal 3.
Aside from the 6,124 sqm VVIP building, the new terminal will also have an 85,578 sqm parking building that will boast a capacity for at least 2,400 four-wheeled vehicles and 1,200 motorcycles.
“We based the grand design of Terminal 3 Ultimate on the concept of a mixture of modernism and Indonesia’s cultural diversity, while also prioritizing quality and comfort for passengers,” AP II president director Budi Karya said in an interview recently.
Decorated with traditional and contemporary Indonesian artwork, the two-story terminal promises better amenities to facilitate the flow of people, including an advanced baggage handling system and large immigration, visa-on-arrival and check-in areas.
For baggage delivery, each international and domestic flight will have seven baggage conveyor belts, while the check-in area will consist of 206 check-in counters and 24 selfcheck-in and bag drop counters.
As many as 10 international and 18 domestic departure boarding gates are to be located in the large boarding lounge on the first floor and each of them will be complemented with sky-bridges.
Meanwhile, about 60,000 sqm will be dedicated for open spaces, or a “public plaza”, and commercial areas, divided into first, mezzanine and second floors.
In order to reduce traffic congestion around the whole airport, the Terminal 3 Ultimate will use an integrated electric train system called a “people mover”, which will connect Terminals 1, 2 and 3.
Enhancing access to and from the airport, Budi said AP II would build a new integrated terminal for public Damri buses and upgrade the existing airport taxi system to prevent long queues.
Passengers will also have another option to access the airport as AP II is currently in the process of constructing an express train line connecting Manggarai Station in South Jakarta with Soekarno-Hatta, which is expected to start operating in the first quarter of next year when the company completes the people-mover system.
According to the project plan, people will only have to spend about 40 minutes traveling between Manggarai Station and Soekarno-Hatta, where they can connect to the integrated people-mover trains to reach either Terminal 1, 2 or 3.
“We predict that at least 30 percent of all passengers will use the Manggarai-Soekarno Hatta train. We are also planning to build a railway from the eastern part of Jakarta,” Budi said in an interview recently.
Budi said the company would be ready to operate the first phase of the Terminal 3 Ultimate in May in parallel with the shifting of all domestic flights under national flag carrier Garuda Indonesia from the existing Terminal 2 and 3 to the new terminal.
He said the development progress was on schedule as the project’s construction reached 93.9 percent completion in late February.
“With all of Garuda’s domestic flights moved to the Ultimate, there will be approximately 12 million passengers served in the first phase, followed by the second and third ones. The total capacity will reach 25 million passengers per year,” he said.
During the second phase, or approaching year-end, Budi said all flights under several global airline alliances, such as Sky Team, of which Garuda Indonesia is a member, and One World, would be shifted to the new terminal and served with newly upgraded runways.
In the third phase, which will take place in March next year, all Garuda and international flights will use the newly expanded Terminal 3 completely, he added.
Budi said the whole effort was based on a vision to make Soekarno-Hatta ASEAN’s second-largest transit airport to compete with other major players.
“We will ask Sky Team members to dedicate a number of their flights to choose Soekarno-Hatta as their transit airports. For instance, Korean Air flights to Australia may use Soekarno-Hatta as their transit, rather than Changi International Airport in Singapore,” he said.
Welcome to Jakarta: Vehicles enter Terminal 3 of Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in Tangerang, Banten. The first phase of the construction of the new terminal is scheduled for completion in May.