The Paris climate change conference
IT’S TIME FOR THE PARIS CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE – WHICH PEOPLE THINK IS OUR LAST CHANCE TO LIMIT GLOBAL WARMING BEFORE ITS TOO LATE.
As Speak! goes to press in the last week of November, people are starting to talk about the Paris Climate Change Conference, which is slated to be held in Paris, France, from Nov. 30 to Dec. 11.
Its focus is one of the most important issues facing the world today: How to reduce carbon emissions, which make the Earth warmer, so as to save the planet from dramatic environmental upheavals.
The Paris event will be the 21st session of the Conference of Parties (COP 21) and the 11th session of the
Conference of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 11).
The objective of this conference is to have a universal agreement on how to manage climate change between nations around the world. Long Story Short
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), created during the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit in 1992, is a universal convention that focuses on acknowledging the existence of climate change, and encourages industrialized countries to tackle the issue.
This was followed by the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, which required 5-percent cuts in carbon emissions worldwide by 2012.
While each developed country was reductions, the US (one of the world’s largest polluters) declined to ratify the protocol.
Nations that failed to meet their targets were not sanctioned, so the treaty failed to meet its objectives.
However, commitments to reduce carbon emissions have already been made by some of the largest polluters: The European Union will cut its emissions by 40 percent and the USA will cut its emissions by 26 percent.
At the COF21, people want the nations present to make a treaty poorer countries, who are suffering from global warming, which has been created by richer countries since the Industrial Revolution.
Lesser-developed nations will also have to limit their emissions, too, while people also want richer countries to commit to invest in the technology needed to reduce emissions. Why It Matters
These annual conferences are the key to reducing emissions before global warming increases temperatures around the planet by an average of 2 degrees Celsius.According to the IPCC, global warming of more than 2 degrees will result in a number of extreme climate consequences.
Temperatures have already risen about 1.5 degrees due to global warming, so there’s not much time left.
During the conference in Copenhagen 2009, countries set a goal to limit the temperature increase to 2 degrees by reducing greenhouse gas
This means that the world will need to reduce the amount of carbon emissions from between 40 and 70 percent in the next 35 years.
Even more than that, every economy in the world must be carbon-neutral (meaning not making any emissions) by the end of the century.
Both are huge tasks, but essential, since carbon emissions drive global warming, which affects every aspect of life on Earth. Here are some of the potential impacts: Sea levels can rise and inundate lowlying areas and islands (especially developing countries), displacing tens of millions of people. With warmer temperatures, vegetation patterns might also be altered across the globe. Rice, for example, grows between a very narrow range of temperatures and precipitation.What happens when there’s no rain? Or if it’s too hot? Health risks to vulnerable communities. In 2003, 20,000 deaths in Europe and 1,500 deaths in India were caused by extreme deadly heat waves. Updates
Since we’re writing this before the conference starts, we’re not sure what will happen.We can tell you how nations are preparing, though.
Indonesia has taken its own course by carrying out the IndonesianNorwegian REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation plus) initiative, which contributes to the global solution to climate change.
Also, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, when he was president, was committed to reducing emissions by 26 percent by 2020.
His successor, President Joko Widodo, recently met with Canada’s new prime minister to encourage Canada to strengthen its climate commitments as Indonesia has, aiming to reduce Indonesia’s greenhouse gas emissions by 41 percent by 2030 with international support.