Jakarta to construct waste-to-energy plant
Jakarta will soon abandon the throw-it and leave-it method and shift to a more environmentally friendly waste management system that will convert waste into energy. The project, scheduled to commence by the end of this month, is expected to solve the city’s acute waste problem.
The new facility, known as the Intermediate Treatment Facility (ITF), will be built in Sunter, North Jakarta. The project, which was initially introduced by then Governor Fauzi Bowo in 2009, is expected to be completed in 2021.
Head of the Integrated Waste Management Unit of the Jakarta Environmental Agency, Asep Kuswanto, said the project would not use the city’s budget (APBD), but be financed by a consortium comprising city-owned developer PT Jakarta Propertindo (Jakpro) and Finnish energy company Fortum.
“Investors will fund all the construction from the groundbreaking until the commissioning. The construction will not use the regional budget (APBD),” Asep told the media after a national conference on waste in Jakarta recently.
The ITF in Sunter is set to be constructed on a 3.2-hectare government-owned plot of land and is expected to be able to process 2,200 tons of garbage with an output of 35 megawatts of electricity per day.
The facility is expected to solve Jakarta’s waste problem which depends heavily on the Bantargebang landfill in Bekasi, West Java. According to the Jakarta Environmental Agency, the capital’s residents produce 7,000 tons of garbage per day.
Jakpro and Fortum, which beat 140 other companies in the project’s tender, had previously signed the cooperation agreement to build and operate the facility in December 2016. The project was temporarily halted after the Supreme Court revoked Presidential Regulation No. 18/2016 on the acceleration of the development of waste-fueled power plants, or incinerators, in seven cities across the country in a ruling dated Nov. 2 last year.
The decision to revoke the Presidential Regulation came after the Supreme Court granted the judicial review proposed by several NGOs, including the Indonesian Forum for Environment (WALHI) and the Indonesian Center for Environmental Law (ICEL), which voiced their concerns about the hazardous impact of operating the facility.
WALHI energy and urban manager Dwi Sawung said that the NGOs were not only concerned about the effect of the incineration, but they were also of the opinion that the facility was not the best option to solve the waste problem.
“The country’s waste problems center on garbage transportation and sorting systems. We should focus on fixing these problems,” Dwi told The Jakarta Post.
Asep, however said incineration was chosen after careful observation of its application in many countries. Based on research conducted by the Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), he added, incineration was the best option to solve the city’s waste problems.
“By using an incinerator, all the garbage will be completely wiped out and this will accelerate waste management in Jakarta,” Asep said.
Learning from other countries’ experiences in implementing incineration, Asep said the emissions resulting from incineration would be safe for humans living in areas surrounding the facility as long as the temperature inside the combustion chamber could be maintained above 850 degrees Celsius.
“We have decided to implement this technology after conducting a solid study,” he said.
Jakpro president director Satya Heragandhi said the facility would be designed in compliance with European Union standards.
In general, Satya added, the investment value for the waste to energy project ranged from US$120 million to $150 million per 1,000 tons of processing capacity. With its capacity, the total investment for the construction of the ITF is predicted to reach $250 million.