Jakarta to con­struct waste-to-en­ergy plant

The Jakarta Post - - CITY -

Jakarta will soon aban­don the throw-it and leave-it method and shift to a more en­vi­ron­men­tally friendly waste man­age­ment sys­tem that will con­vert waste into en­ergy. The project, sched­uled to com­mence by the end of this month, is ex­pected to solve the city’s acute waste prob­lem.

The new fa­cil­ity, known as the In­ter­me­di­ate Treat­ment Fa­cil­ity (ITF), will be built in Sunter, North Jakarta. The project, which was ini­tially in­tro­duced by then Gover­nor Fauzi Bowo in 2009, is ex­pected to be com­pleted in 2021.

Head of the In­te­grated Waste Man­age­ment Unit of the Jakarta En­vi­ron­men­tal Agency, Asep Kuswanto, said the project would not use the city’s bud­get (APBD), but be fi­nanced by a con­sor­tium com­pris­ing city-owned de­vel­oper PT Jakarta Prop­er­tindo (Jakpro) and Fin­nish en­ergy com­pany For­tum.

“In­vestors will fund all the con­struc­tion from the ground­break­ing un­til the com­mis­sion­ing. The con­struc­tion will not use the re­gional bud­get (APBD),” Asep told the me­dia af­ter a na­tional con­fer­ence on waste in Jakarta re­cently.

The ITF in Sunter is set to be con­structed on a 3.2-hectare gov­ern­ment-owned plot of land and is ex­pected to be able to process 2,200 tons of garbage with an out­put of 35 megawatts of elec­tric­ity per day.

The fa­cil­ity is ex­pected to solve Jakarta’s waste prob­lem which de­pends heav­ily on the Ban­targe­bang land­fill in Bekasi, West Java. Ac­cord­ing to the Jakarta En­vi­ron­men­tal Agency, the cap­i­tal’s res­i­dents pro­duce 7,000 tons of garbage per day.

Jakpro and For­tum, which beat 140 other com­pa­nies in the project’s ten­der, had pre­vi­ously signed the co­op­er­a­tion agree­ment to build and op­er­ate the fa­cil­ity in De­cem­ber 2016. The project was tem­po­rar­ily halted af­ter the Supreme Court re­voked Pres­i­den­tial Reg­u­la­tion No. 18/2016 on the ac­cel­er­a­tion of the de­vel­op­ment of waste-fu­eled power plants, or in­cin­er­a­tors, in seven cities across the coun­try in a rul­ing dated Nov. 2 last year.

The de­ci­sion to re­voke the Pres­i­den­tial Reg­u­la­tion came af­ter the Supreme Court granted the ju­di­cial review pro­posed by sev­eral NGOs, in­clud­ing the In­done­sian Fo­rum for En­vi­ron­ment (WALHI) and the In­done­sian Cen­ter for En­vi­ron­men­tal Law (ICEL), which voiced their con­cerns about the haz­ardous im­pact of op­er­at­ing the fa­cil­ity.

WALHI en­ergy and ur­ban man­ager Dwi Sawung said that the NGOs were not only con­cerned about the ef­fect of the in­cin­er­a­tion, but they were also of the opin­ion that the fa­cil­ity was not the best op­tion to solve the waste prob­lem.

“The coun­try’s waste prob­lems cen­ter on garbage trans­porta­tion and sort­ing sys­tems. We should fo­cus on fixing th­ese prob­lems,” Dwi told The Jakarta Post.

Asep, how­ever said in­cin­er­a­tion was cho­sen af­ter care­ful ob­ser­va­tion of its ap­pli­ca­tion in many coun­tries. Based on re­search con­ducted by the Agency for the As­sess­ment and Ap­pli­ca­tion of Tech­nol­ogy (BPPT), he added, in­cin­er­a­tion was the best op­tion to solve the city’s waste prob­lems.

“By us­ing an in­cin­er­a­tor, all the garbage will be com­pletely wiped out and this will ac­cel­er­ate waste man­age­ment in Jakarta,” Asep said.

Learn­ing from other coun­tries’ ex­pe­ri­ences in im­ple­ment­ing in­cin­er­a­tion, Asep said the emis­sions re­sult­ing from in­cin­er­a­tion would be safe for hu­mans liv­ing in ar­eas sur­round­ing the fa­cil­ity as long as the tem­per­a­ture in­side the com­bus­tion cham­ber could be main­tained above 850 de­grees Cel­sius.

“We have de­cided to im­ple­ment this tech­nol­ogy af­ter con­duct­ing a solid study,” he said.

Jakpro pres­i­dent di­rec­tor Satya Her­a­gandhi said the fa­cil­ity would be de­signed in com­pli­ance with Euro­pean Union stan­dards.

In gen­eral, Satya added, the in­vest­ment value for the waste to en­ergy project ranged from US$120 mil­lion to $150 mil­lion per 1,000 tons of pro­cess­ing ca­pac­ity. With its ca­pac­ity, the to­tal in­vest­ment for the con­struc­tion of the ITF is pre­dicted to reach $250 mil­lion.

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