Rouhani: US more iso­lated than ever Mogherini: Not in power of ‘any pres­i­dent’ to ter­mi­nate nu­clear deal

Iran Daily - - Front Page -

US Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump on Fri­day re­fused to cer­tify Iran’s com­pli­ance to the 2015 nu­clear deal in de­fi­ance of other world pow­ers, throw­ing the ball into the Congress court as EU reaf­firmed Iran’s com­mit­ment to ‘ro­bust’ deal. Trump made the an­nounce­ment dur­ing a White House speech that de­tailed a more con­fronta­tional ap­proach to Iran over its nu­clear and bal­lis­tic mis­sile pro­grams, Reuters re­ported.

He said that he “can­not and will not make this cer­ti­fi­ca­tion.”

Trump out­lined a new “strat­egy along with sev­eral ma­jor steps” to con­front Iran’s “hos­tile ac- tions” and to en­sure that “Iran never ac­quires a nu­clear weapon”.

While Trump did not pull the United States out of the agree­ment, known as the Joint Com­pre­hen­sive Plan of Ac­tion (JCPOA), he gave the US Congress 60 days to de­cide whether to reim­pose eco­nomic sanc­tions on Tehran that were lifted un­der the pact.

That would in­crease ten­sion with Iran as well as put Wash­ing­ton at odds with other sig­na­to­ries of the ac­cord such as Bri­tain, France, Ger­many, Rus­sia, China and the Euro­pean Union.

The US pres­i­dent ac­cused Iran of fail­ing to live up to the spirit of the deal and com­mit­ting “mul­ti­ple vi­o­la­tions.”

Trump added that he has di­rected his ad­min­is­tra­tion to work closely with Congress to ad­dress the deal’s “many flaws”.

He threat­ened that if Congress can’t come up with new leg­is­la­tion, he will ter­mi­nate the Obama-era pact.

Any de­ci­sion to reim­pose nu­clear-re­lated sanc­tions would au­to­mat­i­cally kill Amer­ica’s par­tic­i­pa­tion in the deal.

Trump’s move is es­sen­tially a com­pro­mise that al­lows him to con­demn the ac­cord but stop short of tor­pe­do­ing it.

US more iso­lated

Ira­nian Pres­i­dent Hassan Rouhani hit back at Trump, say­ing the US is more iso­lated than ever when it comes to the JCPOA.

In a live speech aired by na­tional TV, Rouhani stressed a mul­ti­lat­eral doc­u­ment can­not be ter­mi­nated by a pres­i­dent.

He said the Ira­nian na­tion will not “bow to a dic­ta­tor” and that the US can­not bring Iran to its knees.

Rouhani noted that Trump can­not add clauses to the JCPOA with the help of Congress.

Ear­lier, Rouhani talked to his French coun­ter­part Emanuel Macron on phone. He said that the nu­clear deal is non-ne­go­tiable, while Macron noted that France and the EU sup­port the JCPOA.

EU slams Trump’s de­ci­sion

Af­ter Trump’s speech, EU’S for­eign pol­icy chief Fed­er­ica Mogherini in­sisted the deal was “ro­bust” and that there had been “no vi­o­la­tions of any of the com­mit­ments in the agree­ment”.

She said it was not in the power of “any pres­i­dent in the world” to ter­mi­nate the agree­ment, which had been es­tab­lished by a UN Se­cu­rity Coun­cil res­o­lu­tion.

“We can­not af­ford as the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity to dis­man­tle a nu­clear agree­ment that is work­ing,” said Mogherini, who chaired the fi­nal stages of the land­mark talks.

“This deal is not a bi­lat­eral agree­ment ... The in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity, and the Euro­pean Union with it, has clearly in­di­cated that the deal is, and will, con­tinue to be in place,” Mogherini told re­porters.

Mogherini said she spoke to US Sec­re­tary of State Rex Tiller­son im­me­di­ately af­ter Trump’s speech.

Trump had been un­der pres­sure at home and abroad not to scrap the seven-coun­try deal.

Mean­while, diplo­mats said Fri­day there was strong con­sen­sus in EU not to be swayed by Don­ald Trump.

Four diplo­mats told POLITICO on Fri­day ahead of Trump’s much-an­tic­i­pated re­marks that EU lead­ers were strongly com­mit­ted to the Iran nu­clear ac­cord re­gard­less of US Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump’s view. The diplo­mats said the EU’S po­si­tion was that there would be no rene­go­ti­at­ing of the Iran nu­clear ac­cord, which was struck in 2015 be­tween Tehran and the so-called P5+1 (also known as the E3+3): the US, UK, France, Rus­sia, China and Ger­many.

“Our mes­sage is that we re­main at­tached to the JCPOA,” a se­nior Euro­pean diplo­mat said, re­fer­ring to the ac­cord, which is known as the Joint Com­pre­hen­sive Plan of Ac­tion. “Our feel­ing is that there will not be any other agree­ment.”

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