Fin­nish study finds healthy life­style im­proves mem­ory in old age

Iran Daily - - Health -

“By look­ing at the DNA code of tens of thou­sands of men in more depth than ever be­fore, we have un­cov­ered vi­tal new in­for­ma­tion about the ge­netic fac­tors that can pre­dis­pose some­one to prostate cancer, and, cru­cially, we have shown that in­for­ma­tion from more than 150 ge­netic vari­ants can now be com­bined to pro­vide a read­out of a man’s in­her­ited risk of prostate cancer.”

Only those men found to be at higher risk of prostate cancer would then be scanned and have a prostate biopsy, so re­searchers hope it could pre­vent un­nec­es­sary pro­ce­dures.

Elees said, “It could have a sub­stan­tial im­pact on how we ac­tu­ally man­age those at in­creased risk be­cause if you find the dis­ease ear­lier it’s much eas­ier to treat it and much more easy to cure.”

The trial will be ex­panded to 5,000 men next year.

Prof. Paul Workman, chief ex­ec­u­tive of the In­sti­tute of Cancer Re­search, said the study also pro­vided im­por­tant in­for­ma­tion about the causes of prostate cancer and the po­ten­tial role of the im­mune sys­tem “which A Fin­nish study showed that a healthy life­style, in­clud­ing phys­i­cal ex­er­cises, brain stim­u­lants and healthy diet can im­prove brain health and pre­vent late-age mem­ory disor­ders.

The study was con­ducted by a re­search group led by Pro­fes­sor Mila Kivipelto at the Univer­sity of Eastern Fin­land, xin­huanet.com wrote.

A to­tal of 1,262 Finns, who were over the age of 60 and had an in­creased risk for mem­ory disor­ders, par­tic­i­pated in the study as part of a re­search project called the Fin­nish Ge­ri­atric In­ter­ven­tion Study to Pre­vent Cog­ni­tive Im­pair­ment and Dis­abil­ity (FIN­GER).

Half of the par­tic­i­pants were given in­ten­sive life­style guid­ance de­vel­oped by the re­search team, in­clud­ing di­etary and ex­er­cise in­struc­tions as well as ways to help pre­vent car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­eases, while the con­trol group were pro­vided with stan­dard life­style ad­vice.

Af­ter two years, clear dif­fer­ences were found be­tween the two groups. The con­trol group had nearly 30 per­cent of the in­creased risk of de­te­ri­o­rat­ing mem­ory func­tions, while those who re­ceived in­ten­sive guid­ance had im­proved mental abil­ity and phys­i­cal per­for­mance.

Kivipelto told the daily that the par­tic­i­pants who re­ceived the in­ten­sive guid­ance felt that their qual­ity of life had im­proved, and the risk of other dis­eases de­creased markedly.

She added that there has not been any medicine that would have had such ef­fects as the in­ten­sive guid­ance had pro­duced, even though medicines might be de­vel­oped in the fu­ture.

Ac­cord­ing to Kivipelto’s sug­ges­tion, ex­er­cises should be di­ver­si­fied, in­clud­ing both aer­o­bic and mus­cle ex­er­cises; Brain stim­u­lants should in­clude read­ing, do­ing crossword puz­zles, play­ing chess and learn­ing lan­guages; diet should be light and var­ied and bal­anced, in­clud­ing lots of veg­eta­bles, fruits, berries, fish and less red meat.

In ad­di­tion, so­cial ac­tiv­ity is also in­cluded in the in­ten­sive life­style guid­ance.

Kivipelto said that the el­derly mem­ory disor­ders are a global chal­lenge. At present, some 47 mil­lion peo­ple in the world suf­fer from mem­ory disor­der, the most com­mon of which is Alzheimer’s. The amount dou­bles ev­ery 20 years.

The Fin­nish model of in­ten­sive life­style guid­ance is set to be in­tro­duced to some other coun­tries in the world.

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