Mi­nakari: Unique, an­cient art of Is­fa­han

Iran Daily - - Cultural Heritage & Environment -

Mi­nakari or enam­el­ing is the art of col­or­ing and or­na­ment­ing the sur­face of met­als by fus­ing over it bril­liant col­ors that are dec­o­rated in an in­tri­cate de­sign.

Mina is the fem­i­nine form of a Persian word, mean­ing heaven, ac­cord­ing to if­p­news.com.

Mina refers to the Azure color of heaven. Ira­nian crafts­men of Sas­sanid era in­vented this art and Mon­gols spread it to In­dia and other coun­tries.

Enamel is usu­ally used to de­sign vase, jew­elry and can­dle­holder in ad­di­tion to doors and chan­de­liers of holy shrines. The cen­tral city of Is­fa­han is the most im­por­tant hub of enam­el­ing.

Enamel work­ing and dec­o­rat­ing met­als with color­ful and baked coats is one of the dis­tin­guished cour­ses of art in Is­fa­han.

Mina, is de­fined as some sort of glasslike col­ored coat which can be sta­bi­lized by heat on dif­fer­ent met­als par­tic­u­larly cop­per.

Although this course has abun­dant use in­dus­tri­ally for pro­duc­ing metal and hy­gienic dishes, it has been used by painters, gold­smiths and metal en­gravers since long times ago.

The ar­ti­sans en­grave the sur­face of the metal with in­tri­cate de­signs us­ing a metal sty­lus which is then filled in with col­ors.

Mina is then placed in a fur­nace where the col­ors are fused and hard­ened to be­come one with the sur­face.

The piece is then gen­tly rubbed with a file and cleaned with a mix­ture of lemon and ta­marind that helps high­light the lus­ter of each color.



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