ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ!

ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﺗﻜﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ 2016 ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ

Sanat Newspaper - - ﺻﻨﻌﺖ6102 -

ﺩﻧﻴــﺎﻯ ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺁﻧﻘﺪﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﭘﻴﻮﺳــﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻮﺷــﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ. ﺳــﺎﻝ 2016 ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﭼﻨﺪﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﻞ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ.

5 ﺭﻭﻳــﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﻛــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺥ ﻧﺪﺍﺩ، ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﻧﺪ:

ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﭼﻴﻦ 

ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ 4 ﺗﺎ 7 ژﺍﻧﻮﻳﻪ 2016 )ﺩﻯ (1394 ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺳــﻘﻮﻁ 7 ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ. ﺑﻴــﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ 4 ﺗﺎ 15 ژﺍﻧﻮﻳــﻪ 14) ﺗﺎ 25 ﺩﻯ (1394 ﻧﺰﺩﻳــﻚ ﺑــﻪ 18 ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ. ﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﺭﺱ 2011 )ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ (1389 ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﭼﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰﺗﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﮔﺮﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺷــﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻧﻘــﺶ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘــﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ.

ﺑﺮﮔﺰﻳﺖ 

ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪﭘﺮﺳــﻰ ژﻭﺋــﻦ 2016 )ﺍﻭﺍﻳــﻞ ﺗﻴﺮ (1395 ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺩ. ﺣﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻜﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ 23 ﺳﺎﻝ ﻋﻀﻮﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭼﺸــﻤﮕﻴﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻤﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ. ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ، ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﻦ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻗﺮﺿﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﺑﺮﺩ.

ﻫﻤﻪﭘﺮﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ 

ﻫﻤﻪﭘﺮﺳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ 4 ﺩﺳﺎﻣﺒﺮ ‪14) 2016‬ ﺁﺫﺭ (1395 ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻪﭘﺮﺳﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃــﺮ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﻣﺘﺌﻮ ﺭﻧﺘﺴــﻰ، ﻧﺨﺴﺖﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﭘﺮﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﻛﺮﺩ. ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ »ﻧﻪ« ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺳﺘﺨﻮﺵ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻫﻤﻪﭘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ 20 ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ. ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ.

ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ 

ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺩﻭﻧﺎﻟﺪ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻯ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ. ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻰﺗﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻋﺪﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ. ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 2016 ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ.

ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻭﭘﻚ 

ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺎﻣﺒﺮ 2008 )ﺩﻯ (1389 ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩ، ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ )ﺍﻭﭘــﻚ( ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ، ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺯﻭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻭﭘﻚ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﺮﺩ. ﻧﻔﺖ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ 33ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ 5ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ. ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﺨﻴﺰ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ، ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ، ﻭﻧﺰﻭﺋﻼ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻋﺮﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ 2014 )ﺍﻭﺍﺳﻂ (1393 ﺩﻳﺪﻧﺪ.

ﻣﻨﺒﻊ: ﺍﻛﻮﻧﻮﻣﻴﻚ ﺗﺎﻳﻤﺰ

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