ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﺮﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ

Sanat Newspaper - - ﺻﻨﻌﺖ6102 -

ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 6102ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺰﺭﮔــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ، ﺁﺏ، ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ:

ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ 

ﺩﺭ ﺧــﺮﺩﺍﺩ 1395 (2016ﻪــﻣ) ﻫﻤﺎﻳــﺶ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪﺍﻯ 20 ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻫﻢﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ، ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋــﻪ 447 ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ 225 ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺷﻔﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﭘﻮﺳﺘﺮ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪ.

ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ 

ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣــﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﻨﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻨﺘﻮﺭ ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ. ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ 01ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﻛــﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ.

ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ 

ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ 6102ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﻕ، ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺑﻪ ﻋــﺮﺍﻕ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ، ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ )ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ( ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ.

ﻣﺜﻠﺚ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ 

ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺕ 2016 ﻫﻤﺰﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ 1395 ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷﺪ. ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ.

ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ 

ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ »ﺗﻮﺭﻭ ﺍﺋﻮ ﭘﺰ« ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺭﻣﺎﻧﺪﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺘﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﻳﻚ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺯﺍﺋﻴﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ ﻓﺮﺵ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺷــﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺧﻴﺎﺑــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺧــﻮﺩﺵ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷــﻮﺩ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻮﺷﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺭﺯﻳﻦ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﭘﻮﺷﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻭﺯﻥ ﻭ ﺿﺮﺑﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺒﻮﺭﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻡ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.

ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﺏ 

ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﻪ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ، ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺗﻮﻛﻴﻮ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺳﺎﻝ 8102ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ 5ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ.

ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪ 

ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 6102ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ ﺣﺮﻛــﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻢﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ.

ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻊﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻴﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺩﻯ 

ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻊﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋــﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻴﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑــﺎﺩﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ 2500 ﻣﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺩﺭﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ. ﻫﺮ ﺗﻮﺭﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺰﺭﻋﻪ 85 ﻣﺘﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻗﻄﺮ ﭘﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ 71 ﻣﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ.

ﺳﺒﻘﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻏﺎﻝ 

ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 6102ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮﻕ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮﻕ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻏﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺸــﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 5102ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﻴــﻢ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﺼﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ.

ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺁﺏ 

ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻳﻚﺳﻮﻡ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺁﺏ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ.

ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﺪ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ 

ﺩﺭ ﺁﺑــﺎﻥ 1395 )ﺍﻛﺘﺒــﺮ (2016 ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﻕ ﺗﺎﺟﻴﻜﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ 335 ﻣﺘﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﺪ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ. ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﺎﺟﻴﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﺎﺟﻴﻜﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ.

ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﺧﻂ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺁﺏ 

ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﺩ )ژﻭﺋﻴﻪ( ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﻭﺭﻳﺴﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﻘــﺎﻝ ﺁﺏ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ ﺳــﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩ. ﺧﻂ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ »ﺑﺮﺩﺍ« ﺁﺏ ﺷــﺮﺏ ﺩﻣﺸــﻖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ »ﻓﻴﺠﻪ« ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ. ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻂ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ 5/1ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ.

ﺍﻋﺘـﺮﺍﺽ ﻣـﺮﺩﻡ ﻋﺮﺑﺴـﺘﺎﻥ ﺑـﺮﺍﻯ  ﺣﺬﻑ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺁﺏ

ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 6102ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺳــﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺣﻞ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮﻯ ﺑﻪﺷــﺪﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ. ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺳﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ، ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺎ 20 ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﺸﻚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺣﺎﺩﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ.

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