ﻫﻤﻪ ﻋﺪﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ 2016

Sanat Newspaper - - ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ -

ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻟﺐﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﺪﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺷﻤﺎﺳﺖ:

14/7 ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ 

ﺭﺳــﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲ ﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﺑﻰﺗﺮﺩﻳــﺪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺳــﺎﻝ 6102ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺳﺘﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ 14/7 ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﺷــﺪ. ﺗﺨﻠﻒ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻮﻟﻜﺲ ﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳﺘﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ.

78/1ﺩﻻﺭ 

ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ، ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﻫﺮ ﮔﺎﻟــﻦ ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻮﺭﻳــﻪ 2016 )ﺑﻬﻤﻦ (1393 1/87 ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺛﺒﺖﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ 9002ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﻨﺰﻳﻦ، ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ.

81ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ 

ﻭﻟــﻮﻭ ﺍﻳﻜــﺲ ﺳــﻰ 90 ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 6102ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ 18 ﺟﺎﻳــﺰﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﺑﮕﻴــﺮﺩ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﺪﻝ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺑﺎ ﺟﻮﺍﻳــﺰ ﭘﺮﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧــﺎﻡ ﻭﻟﻮﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺳــﺮ ﺯﺑﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺖ.

003ﺳﺎﻝﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ 

ﮔــﻮﮔﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﺭﺍﻧﻨــﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺑﻪﻧﺎﻡﻭﻳﻤﻮ،003ﺳــﺎﻝﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺑﺴﺎﺯﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻛﻨــﺪ. ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺍﺷﻴﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ 300 ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ. ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻮﮔﻞ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ 3 ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺭﺍﻧﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ. ﮔﻮﮔﻠﻰﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ 2009 ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ (1388) ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ. ﮔــﻮﮔﻞ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺭﻗﺒﺎﻳــﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻭﺑﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺴــﻼ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﺪ.

41 ﻣﺎﻩ 

ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻴﺎﺕ ﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴــﻠﺮ 41 ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪﺍﺵ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷﺪ ﺳــﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ 2013 ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺸﻦ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﻓﻴﺎﺕ ﻛﺮﺍﻳﺴﻠﺮ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ، ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ژﻭﺋﻴــﻪ 2016 )ﺗﻴــﺮ (1395 ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩ. ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺕ 2015 )ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ4931( ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻪ 2016 )ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ (1395 ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ 7 ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ.

531 ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ 

ﻛﺎﺩﻳﻼﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺁﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺍﻣﺒﺮ ‪(1395) 2016‬ ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ،135 ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﻛﺎﺩﻳﻼﻙ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻮﺭﻳــﻪ 2016 )ﺑﻬﻤﻦ (1394 ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﻻﻙﭘﺸﺘﻰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻯﺍﻝﺁﺭﻫﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 3102ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑــﻮﺩ. ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ 75 ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ 995 ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ. ﻛﺎﺩﻳﻼﻙ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﺧﻮﺏ 10 ﻫــﺰﺍﺭﺩﻻﺭﻯﺭﺍﺑــﺮﺍﻯﻣﺪﻝ6102ﺍﻳﻦﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ 6102ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺷﺪ.

64ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥﻛﻴﺴﻪﻫﻮﺍ 

ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﻴﺴــﻪ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ژﺍﭘﻨﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﺎﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 6102ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻌﻮﻳــﺾ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ 46 ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻴﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ 29 ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻧﻘﻠﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ 19 ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺼﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ. ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺗﺮﺍﻓﻴﻚ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺮﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ (NHTSA) ﺩﺭ ﻣﻪ 2016 )ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ (1395 ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﺎﺕ ﻣﻔﺼﻠﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ.

75 ﺳﺎﻟﮕﺮﺩ 

ﺟﻴــﭗ ﺩﺭ 16 ژﻭﺋﻴــﻪ ‪26) 2016‬ ﺗﻴــﺮ (1395 ﻫﻔﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﻤﻴﻦ ﺳــﺎﻟﮕﺮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺸــﻦ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 1941 ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ (1320) ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭﻳﻠﻴﺲ-ﺍﻭﻭﺭﻟﻨﺪ ‪.(Willys-Overland Motor Co)‬ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻭﻫﺎﻳﻮﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭﻳﻠﻴﺲ ﺍﻡ ﺑــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻛﺮﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﻭﻳﻠﻴﺲ ﺍﻡﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﻮﺩ.

03ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ 

ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻰ ﻣﻴﺰ، ﻃﺮﺍﺡ ﻣﻌــﺮﻭﻑ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ، ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻴﻤﻴﺸﻦ ﺑﺎﻍﻭﺣﺶ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ (Zootopia) ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﻳﺰﻧــﻰ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ، ﺑﻪ 30 ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ. ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺷــﺎﺥ ﮔﻮﺯﻥ ﺷــﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻫﺪ. ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺯﺭﺍﻓــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ.

ﺳـﺎﻝ 2016 ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻫﻢ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷـﺪ. ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ، ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﻳﺪ؛ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩ. ﺍﺯ 75 ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺟﻴﭗ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻩﺳﺎﺯ ﺗﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷـﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﻴﻤﻴﺸﻦ »ﺑﺎﻍ ﻭﺣﺶ ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ« ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺧﺒﺮﺳﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ.

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