ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﺗﺶﺳﻮﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩﻫﺎ

Sanat Newspaper - - ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ -

ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺁﺑﭙــﺎﺵ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ 310 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺁﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﻮﺩﺭﻯ ﺗﺎ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ 60 ﻣﺘﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ 90 ﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﭘﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ، ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻭﻟﺰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ. -4 ﻓﺎﻳﺮ ﺁﻛﺲ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﺑــﺎﺕ ﭼﺮﺥﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ﻳﻚ ﭘﻜﻴﺞ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻧﻜﺮ ﺁﺏ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ

ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺑﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﻟﺒﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺑﺎﺕﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺑﺎﺕﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﮕﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻠﻨﮓ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻧﻜﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ. ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺑﺎﺕﻫﺎ ﻭﺯﻥ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ، ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﻴﺮﻩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺷــﻴﺪﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻛﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻬﺎﺭ ﺁﺗﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ.

ﺭﺩﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺗﺶﺳــﻮﺯﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻴﺐ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﻭ ﭘﺮﭼﺎﻟﺸــﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.

ﺑــﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻘــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺎﻳــﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻰ ﻣﺎﺭﻛــﺖ ﻭﺍچ، ﺩﺭ ﺁﺗﺶﺳﻮﺯﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻴﺐ ﺳــﺘﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺩ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺘﻮﻥﻫﺎ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ؛ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﻌﻠﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﻭﺷــﺎﻥ ﺁﺗﺶ ﻭ ﻏﻠﻈﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺩﻯﺍﻛﺴﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺑﻦ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ، ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﺗﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ.

ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ، ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺗﺶ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺮﺍژﺩﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﺞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ، ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﺑﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ.

ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ، ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺗﺶﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ »ﮔﺮﻳﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﭽﺴﺘﺮ« ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴــﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺠﺮﺑــﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ، ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺴــﺖﻭﺟﻮ ﻭ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴــﺎﻥ ﺁﺗﺶﺳــﻮﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺠﻬــﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦ ﻣــﺎﺩﻭﻥ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ.

ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺍﭘﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴــﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴــﻦ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩ، ﻋﻼﺋﻢ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗــﻰ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺰﻳــﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺩﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻡ ﺁﺗﺶ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ.

ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﻭﻥ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﭘﻬﭙﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸــﻒ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺁﺗﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺭﺻﺪ ﻋﻼﺋﻤــﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻣﻨﺒــﻊ ﺁﺗﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ.

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