ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﻢ

Sanat Newspaper - - صفحه اول -

ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﭘﻮﺷــﺎﻙ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻣﺪﻋﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔــﻰ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ. ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺳــﺘﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ. ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﻛﻤﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ.

ﺭﺿﺎ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﺎﺭﻯ، ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻙ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ: ﭘﺮﺳﺸــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ؟

ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﻠﻨــﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ: ﺗﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻣﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷــﺪ. ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻙ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ: ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻳﺎﺑﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻢ. ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺮﻙﻫﺎ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ. ﺷﻬﺮﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ: ﭘﺮﺳﺸﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ؟

ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﭘﻮﺷــﺎﻙ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺷﻬﺮﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﮔﻔﺖ: ﺁﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻣﺪﻋﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ. ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ. ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﻻﺯﻡ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﻛﻤﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ. ﺷﻬﺮﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ: ﺭﻭﺵ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻭﺍﺳﻂ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻙ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻳﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻙ ﻛﺎﭘﺸﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺷﻠﻮﺍﺭ. ﺳﭙﺲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ، ﻛﺎﻻ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﻓﺮﻭﺷﺪ. ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺑﺮگ ﺳﺒﺰ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ. ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻙ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ: ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ، ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻐﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺷﺨﺼﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ. ﻋﻠﺖ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ، ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻢ. ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺳــﺒﺐ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻛﻨﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻖﺗﺮ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ.

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