ﺳﺎﻝﺑﻪﺛﻤﺮﻧﺸﺴﺘﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ

Sanat Newspaper - - صفحه اول -

ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﻨﻔﺲ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺟﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﺮﻙ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻠﻮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﺮﻙ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻠﻮ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ. ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 95 ﺑﺴﺘﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ.

ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣــﺪﻩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺗﺮﺍﻣــﭗ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺷــﻔﺘﻪ ﻛــﺮﺩ. ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 95 ﻛﻨﺪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ 12 ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ 60 ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 96 ﺑﻪ ﺛﻤﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ. ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ 96 ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ.

ﺑﺮ ﺳــﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻯ، ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺩﺳــﺖﻭﭘﺎﮔﻴﺮ ...ﻭ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻠﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﭼﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻧﻔﺖ، ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ.

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