ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ

Sanat Newspaper - - ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ -

ﺍﺯﺁﻧﺠــﺎ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻘﻮﻳــﺖ ﺑﻨﻴﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺤــﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻫﻤﺴــﻮ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺁﻥ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺩﺳــﺖﻭﭘﺎﮔﻴﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷــﻮﺩ. ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨــﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟ ﺟﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧــﺎﺕ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ، ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺗﻤﺎﻳــﻞ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧــﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺩﻧﻴــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﭙﺬﻳﺮﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰﻛﻪ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻳﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ، ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ، ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ...ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺳــﻨﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟــﺖ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؛ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ.

ﺭﻭﻧــﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻋــﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔــﺮﺩﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻤﭽــﻮﻥ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ...ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻪﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ. ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ 1404 ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﻨﻴــﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺗﻨﮕﺎﺗﻨــﮓ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻤﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ؛ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚﺷــﺒﻪ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﻧﻴﺎﻣﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﺩﻗﻴــﻖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻡﺑﻪﮔﺎﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﺍﺛﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﺩﻳﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺳــﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﻛﺘﻔﺎ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ. ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺳــﻨﺘﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺣﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ؛ ﻫﺪﻓﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ 96 ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ، ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩ.

ﺑﻴﮋﻥ ﭘﻨﺎﻫﻰﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ، ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ

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