ﮔﺎﻣﻰ ﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ

ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻠﺶ

SMTnewspaper - - ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ -

ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﭘﺎﻧﺰﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻠﺴــﻴﻨﻜﻰ ﻓﻨﻼﻧﺪ، ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺳﺮﭼﺸــﻤﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﺫﻭﺏ »ﺭﻳــﻮﺭﺏ« ﺧﺪﺍﺣﺎﻓﻈﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ، ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ. ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ 68 ﺳــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻨﻼﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻴﻔﻰ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ.

ﺑﻪﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻣﻠﻰﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊﻣﺲﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﭘﻮﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻨﻼﻧﺪﻯ ﺍﺗﻮﺗﻚ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻣﺲ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﺗﻮﺗﻚ ﺩﺭ 35 ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺲ، ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺲ ﺳﺮﭼﺸــﻤﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻣﺲ ﺧﺎﺗﻮﻥﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.

▣ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻠﺶ

ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ، ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ ﺫﻭﺏ ﺳﺮﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻠﺶ، ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ4 ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ، ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ.

ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ 4 ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺎﺭژ ﻛﻨﺴﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﻓﻠﺶ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻣﺲ ﺳﺮﭼﺸــﻤﻪ، ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺁﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻧﻴــﺰ 10 ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪﮔﺮﻯ ﺷﺪ.

ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺣﺴــﻨﻰ، ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻣــﺲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻛﺮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃــﺮﺡ 208 ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ 125) ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ( ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻻ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﻓﻠــﺶ، ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺲ ﺁﻧﺪﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻨﺴــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﺍﺯ 021ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺑﻪ 082ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ.

ﺭﻭﺍﺑــﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ: ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻣﺲ ﺳﺮﭼﺸــﻤﻪ، ﺟــﺰﻭ 10 ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ 3ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳــﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ

▣ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ

ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠــﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻣﺲ ﺳﺮﭼﺸــﻤﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳــﻮﺭﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻠﺶ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﮔﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧــﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ 280 ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﻣﺲ ﺁﻧﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ.

ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺗﻦ ﺁﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ 18/89 ﻣﺘﺮﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ ﺑﻪ 4/45 ﻣﺘﺮﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻠﺶ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ. ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ 173/43 ﺑﻪ 114/38 ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ. ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ 970/65 ﻛﻴﻠــﻮﻭﺍﺕ ﺑــﻪ 703/77 ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻭﺍﺕ ﻧﺰﻭﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮔﺎﺯﻭﺋﻴﻞ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺯﻭﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ 122/31 ﻭ 535/4 ﻟﻴﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺩﺭ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻔﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ.

ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﺮ ﺗﻦ ﺁﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻮﺏ 72152/1 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻠــﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ 73567/6 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ. ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ 2860/8 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﻪ 1248/8 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ. ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ 1653/2 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ 1/193 ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ 459/4 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ. ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻤﻴــﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ 3809/3 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻠــﺶ 1472/7 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ. ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻬﻼﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳــﻮﺭﺏ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ 1122/8 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻠﺶ 1479/6 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ 1609/5 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻓﻠﺶ 1535 ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ.

▣ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ 6 ﺩﻫﻪ

ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﮋﺍﺩﻏﻼﻣﻌﻠﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺑﺎﺑﻚ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻣﺲ ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻮﺿﻴــﺢﺩﺍﺩ:ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫــﺎﻯﻓﻠــﺶﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ 1328 ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ)9491 ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ( ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗــﻊ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ، ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻓﻨﻼﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻫــﺪﻑ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ، ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ. ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻨﻼﻧﺪﻯ ﺍﺗﻮﻛﻮﻣﭙﻮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺑــﺎﺭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻧﻴﻜﻞ ﻭ ﻣﺲ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ.

ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ: ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺴــﻴﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻓﻠﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﺪﺍﺳــﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻮﻟﻔﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺫﻭﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻨﺴﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺭﻳﺰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺧﺸﻚ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.

ﻧﮋﺍﺩﻏﻼﻣﻌﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﻛــﻮﺭﻩ ﻓﻠﺶ ﮔﻔﺖ: ﻃﻴﻒ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺲ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ. ژﺍﭘﻦ، ﭼﻴﻦ، ﻛﺮﻩ، ﻓﻴﻠﻴﭙﻴﻦ، ﺑﺮﺯﻳﻞ، ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﺋﺪ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻻ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.

ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ ﻭ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ: ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﻮﺭﺏ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻧﻌﻜﺎﺱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻌﻞﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺎﺯﻭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺫﻭﺏ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ، ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻠﺶ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻫﻮﺍﻯ ﻏﻨﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻛﺴــﻴﮋﻥ، ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ﻓﺴﻴﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﺸﻌﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻣﺤﻔﻈﻪ ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﭘﺎﺷﻴﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ. ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﺯﺍ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻛﻨﺴﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﻣﻰﺍﻧﺠﺎﻣﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻛﻨﺴﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ.

ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻠﺶ ﮔﻔﺖ: ﺷــﺎﺭژ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﻮﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫــﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺮ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻛﻨﺴــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻋﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺁﺳــﺎﻥﺗﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﻯ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺑﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ. ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺎﺳﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻏﺒﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ.

ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ.

ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﮋﺍﺩﻏﻼﻣﻌﻠﻰ ﻃﻴﻒ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺲ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ

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