»ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ« ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﺷﺪ

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ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﻔﺎﻇــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ (IUCN) ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻠﺦﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﭘﺎﻫــﺎﻱ ﻋﻠﻔﺨﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﻣﻲ ﻣﺎﺩﺍﮔﺎﺳــﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘــﺮﺍﺽ ﺧﻔــﺎﺵ ‪Christmas lsland»‬ «Pipistrelle ﺧﺒﺮﺩﺍﺩ.

ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ، ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﻔﺎﻇــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌــﺖ ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ 78ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ 769ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ 52ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ 26ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺍﻧﻘــﺮﺍﺽ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ. ﺍﻳﻨﮕﺮ ﺁﻧﺪﺭﺳــﻦ، ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﻛﻞ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﻔﺎﻇــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ، ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛــﺮﺩ: ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻱ ﻣــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻧﻘﺮﺍﺽ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺸــﻲ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺟﺎﻧــﻮﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑــﻲ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ. ﺣﺘﻲ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳــﻲ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ »ﺁﻧﺘﻠﻮپ ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻳــﻲ« )ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺷــﺎﺥﺩﺭﺍﺯﺍﻥ( ﻳــﺎ ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﮔﻨﺠﺸــﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧــﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻓــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻳﺴﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﺪﻱ ﺍﻧﻘﺮﺍﺽ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ. ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ، ﺳــﻴﺎﺭﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻱ ﻓﻮﺭﻱ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻲ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻘﺎﻱ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﺷﻮﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ: ﺍﺯ 6ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﮔﻨﺠﺸﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻱ ﺷــﻤﺎﻟﻲ 5ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻧﻘﺮﺍﺽ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﻘــﺮﺍﺽ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ. ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ 5ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﻧﺘﻠﻮپ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺸﻲ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻧﺘﻠﻮپ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ، ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ 5ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺁﻧﺘﻠــﻮپ ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻳﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺷــﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻱ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﺑﻪﺭﻭﺯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ، ﻣﻠﺦﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﭘﺎﻱ ﻋﻠﻔﺨﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﺩﺍﮔﺎﺳــﻜﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻧﻘﺮﺍﺽ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ. ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻲﻛــﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺣﻔﺎﻇــﺖ ﺍﻛﺜﺮﻳــﺖ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﻲﻣﻬﺮﻩ ﻧﺎﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ، ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲﻫــﺎﻱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺭﻭﺷــﻦ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺟﻨﮕﻞﺯﺩﺍﻳﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻲﻣﻬﺮﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﺍﮔﺎﺳــﻜﺎﺭ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻲ 17ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻠﺦﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﺩﺍﮔﺎﺳﻜﺎﺭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒــﻲ 04ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑــﺎ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺍﻧﻘــﺮﺍﺽ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﻧﺪ. ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌــﺖ، ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﭘﻠﻨﮓ ﺑﺮﻓــﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﻛﻲ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺟﺎﻧــﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌــﺮﺽ ﺍﻧﻘﺮﺍﺽ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ، ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺸــﻲ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻠﻨﮓﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺮﻓﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺯﻳﺴﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺳﺎﻳﺶ، ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻃﻌﻤﻪ ﻭ ﺷــﻜﺎﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﺧﻔــﺎﺵ ‪«Christmas lsland Pipistrelle»‬ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻮﻣﻲ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩ »ﻛﺮﻳﺴﻤﺲ« ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﻣﻨﻘﺮﺽ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺟﺎﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﮔﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻫﻪ0631 ﺑﻪ 4ﺗﺎ 02ﺧﻔﺎﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺴــﺘﺎﻥ7831 ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﻭﺕ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻲ ﻧﺎﭘﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﺪ.

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