ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﻼﺝ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ

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ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻭﺧﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻦ ﺍﻭﺿــﺎﻉ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ: ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺟﺰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ.

ﺳــﻴﺪﺭﺿﻰ ﺣﺎﺟﻰﺁﻗﺎﻣﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ: ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴــﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ.

ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ: ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑــﺮﻭﺩ. ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﻭﺧﻴﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺝ ﺩﺍﺭﻳــﻢ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﻣﺪﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ.

ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ: ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ، ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﭼﺸــﻤﮕﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻧﺪﻫــﺪ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺁﻳﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﺍﺯ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺟﺰ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﺪﻫﻨــﺪ. ﺁﻗﺎﻣﻴﺮﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ: ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺟــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺒــﺮﺩ، ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻢ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﻓﺖ. ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ، ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﻳﻌﻨــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻧﺮﻭﺩ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ.

ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭼﻘــﺪﺭ ﺍﺣﺘﻤــﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ، ﮔﻔﺖ: ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻰﺧﺮﺩﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻌﻘﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻴﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻤﻰﺍﻓﺘــﺪ. ﺁﻗﺎﻣﻴﺮﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ: ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺘﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ. ﺁﻳﺎ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺗﻌﻤــﺪﻯ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ؟ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ، ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺖﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻛﻔﺎﻑ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ.

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