ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻛﺎﺗﺎﻟﻴﺴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺁﺳﺎﻥﺗﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻰ

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ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺗﺎﻟﻴﺴــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ، ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﺍﻓﻦ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺗﺎﻟﻴﺴــﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻨﺘﺰ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎ، ﺩﺭ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﭘﺴﺎﺏﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺟﺎﺫﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ. ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒــﺎﺕ ﻫﻤــﻮژﻥ ﻭ ﻫﺘــﺮﻭژﻥ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ، ﻏﻴــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﺍﻓﻦ ﺍﻛﺴــﻴﺪ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺍﻓﻦ ﺍﻛﺴــﻴﺪ ﺍﺻﻼﺡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺗﺎﻟﻴــﺰﻭﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺳــﻨﺘﺰ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺖ ﭼﺸــﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺗﺎﻟﻴــﺰﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ، ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ، ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﮔﺮﺍﻓﻦ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﺪ، ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻛﺎﺗﺎﻟﻴﺴــﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟــﺬﺏ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺑﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ.

ﺭﻭﺵ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻛﺎﺗﺎﻟﻴﺴــﺖ ﺁﺳــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ، ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﻨﺘﺰ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﺍﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﺗﺎﻟﻴﺰﻭﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺳــﻨﺘﺰ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ .ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮ ﺍﺳــﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻠﻮﺋﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺑﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ، ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺁﻻﻳﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺗﻴﻮﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺁﺑﻰ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻛﻨﺪ.

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