Cho­leric tem­per­a­ment: Spec­i­fi­ca­tions and suitable life­style

Tehran Times - - LIFE & SOCIETY - By Seyed Mahdi Mirg­haz­an­fari, MD, PhD

Tem­per­a­ment or Mizaj is re­ferred to four dif­fer­ent con­di­tions dif­fer­en­ti­at­ing in­di­vid­u­als phys­i­cally and men­tally and as a re­sult, propos­ing dif­fer­ent pre­ven­tive mea­sures for their dis­eases or well­be­ing.

Tem­per­a­ment of a per­son is mostly re­lated to iden­ti­fy­ing the most proper life­style (diet, sleep, ac­tiv­ity, psy­chi­atric con­di­tions, etc.) for health promotion.

In the Ira­nian-Is­lamic tra­di­tional medicine the ex­cess or less of warm­ness and hu­mid­ity de­fine four es­sen­tial tem­per­a­ments of “Warm and Wet (san­guine or Da­mawiy)”, “Warm and Dry (cho­leric or Safrawiy)”, “Cold and Dry (melan­cholic or Sau­dawiy)” and “Cold and Wet (phleg­matic or Bal­ghamiy)” re­spec­tively. The terms in the paren­the­ses re­fer to four groups of ma­te­rial in the body (called “hu­mors” or 'Akhlat') in­clud­ing blood, yel­low bile, black bile, and phlegm re­spec­tively. Words writ­ten in italic show orig­i­nal Per­sian terms in the an­cient lit­er­a­ture.

Cho­leric: warm and dry

Peo­ple with cho­leric tem­per­a­ment are usu­ally tall and thin. They have a small frame, for in­stance, their fin­gers, lips, and other body parts are not much big and they are un­likely to get over­weight.

They have a dry and warm skin color with yel­low and some­times peachy un­der­tone.

They have rapid pulse, are ex­u­ber­ant, quickly fin­ish what they are sup­posed to do -usu­ally per­fectly and care­fully- and speak fast.

Peo­ple with warm and dry Mizaj mostly feel hot and have nat­u­rally high body tem­per­a­ture.

Due to the dry­ness of their Mizaj they might suf­fer con­sti­pa­tion and waste mat­ter (urine, sweat, and fe­ces) dis­charged from their bod­ies usu­ally has strong odor and color.

Burn­ing in the anus and uri­nary tract can be com­mon among this group.

Due to the warm­ness in their body they soon digest food and as they don’t have ad­e­quate amount of nu­tri­ent sup­ply to pro­vide the en­ergy needs of the body they soon get hun­gry and ir­ri­tated if they don’t get enough food timely.

Nor­mally their mouth gets dry soon.

Due to the warm­ness in their body which moves up­ward to the head their hair grow faster. They have coarse thick black hair. Pre­ma­ture gray­ing and hair loss is prevalent among th­ese peo­ple.

As they’re able to think fast and act fast, they might lose con­cen­tra­tion to some ex­tent, in other words they may un­der­take mul­ti­ple tasks at the same time and give up some of them half­way through them. Ac­cord­ingly they might be pegged as hy­per­ac­tive.

They have keen senses and can eas­ily no­tice the small­est changes in smells, voices, taste, color, etc.

They are overly sen­si­tive and will be eas­ily up­set or of­fended by events or things that peo­ple say and must be treated del­i­cately.

They don’t need much sleep and ac­tu­ally seem fine and ready for work with a lit­tle amount of sleep. They are not very sound sleep­ers and are prone to suf­fer stress, anx­i­ety, and sleep de­pri­va­tion.

They are ideal­ist and fond of ef­fi­ciency. They are also in fa­vor of punc­tu­al­ity as well. Once they make an ap­point­ment they are al­ways wor­ried not to get there on time.

In the next ar­ti­cle the suitable life­style that fit peo­ple with cho­leric tem­per­a­ment will be ex­plained in de­tail.

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