Western Media narrative of the Trump Report
TEHRAN — President of the United States intends to announce Iran’s non-compliance with the nuclear deal! The IAEA, in its eight reports, endorsed Iran’s commitment to a nuclear deal. In recent days, various media in the world have provided various analyzes on this subject. Trump has already stated that a nuclear deal with Iran is the worst possible deal for the United States. In this regard, the US authorities are demanding an inspection of Iran’s military sites, the extension of the nuclear agreement limits, and the inclusion of Iran’s missile defense capability. Instead, the Islamic Republic of Iran has said it will not reciprocate the nuclear deal. In this regard, we review the news and analyzes of some of the media:
Aljazeera reported that Almost exactly two years after it was signed, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) signed between Iran and the five permanent UN Security Council members plus Germany and the EU is at risk of falling apart.US President Donald Trump has called the agreement “the worst deal ever ” and is expected to withdraw his support for it within days.
The deal, which is aimed at ensuring Iran’s nuclear programme is used exclusively for civilian purposes, requires Iran to reduce its capacity to produce nuclear weapons by drastically lowering its stockpiles of enriched uranium and removing centrifuges capable of enriching the metal.In return for complying with the restrictions, UN sanctions on the country were lifted, billions of dollars in frozen assets were released, and the US ended some secondary sanctions on Tehran related to its nuclear programme. Trump has repeatedly condemned the Iran nuclear deal, including at the UN .Iran’s compliance with the deal, which was enshrined in UN Resolution 2231, would be ensured by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
The deal was the end result of years of diplomatic wrangling between the Obama administration, represented by former Secretary of State John Kerry, and the government of Iran’s reformist leaning President Hassan Rouhani and his lead diplomat, Iranian Foreign Minister Jawad Zarif. Opponents of the deal in Tehran and Washington voiced anger at what they saw as excessive compromise and in the US, Congress passed a law requiring the president to certify every 90 days that Iran was keeping up with its end of the deal.
That process of certification is the crux of the current crisis, Trump’s threat to withdraw endorsement paves the way for new sanctions on Iran, and Tehran has threatened partial or complete withdrawal from the agreement in response.
“Should the US Administration decide not to certify that Iran was in compliance with the terms of the agreement, US Congress would then have the option of imposing new US sanctions, or of restoring US sanctions waived under the JCPOA in whole or in part,” explained Professor Jonathan Brewer of the Department of War Studies at Kings College London.” The Europeans, at least, will be lobbying the administration to continue to certify that Iran is complying with the deal, “he said, adding European diplomats would also be tasked with trying to ensure Iran does not withdraw from the agreement should their efforts with the US fail.
Financial Times also reportd that US President Donald Trump has called the landmark nuclear agreement in which Iran agreed to limit its nuclear programme in exchange for limited sanctions relief the “worst deal ever” and threatened to scrap it. Mr Trump is expected to refuse to certify the deal to Congress by an October 15 deadline and initiate stronger moves against Iran. That will not put the US in automatic violation of the deal, but what happens next is likely to be complicated, messy and potentially explosive.
The 2015 deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, was the crowning foreign policy achievement of the Obama administration. The four other permanent members of the UN Security Council — China, France, Russia and the UK — joined Germany and the EU in signing on to the deal with Iran. The process was endorsed into international law by the UN Security Council. Today, all parties agree with assessments from the International Atomic Energy Agency, a UN body that Iran is in compliance with the deal.
What is the October 15 deadline about?
Congress, which was never asked to ratify the deal because of its near-uniform antipathy for it, sought a role nonetheless: it passed the 2015 Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act, which requires the sitting administration to certify US commitment to the deal every 90 days, including whether Iran remains compliant and whether the deal remains vital to US national security interests. The next deadline falls on October 15. If Trump does not, as expected, certify the deal to Congress by that date, Congress would then have 60 days to initiate legislation under expedited procedures that could “snap back” the nuclear sanctions it continually waives on Iran. This would put the US in violation of the JCPOA, which could fall apart as a result.
Financial Times continues: European signatories to the deal — France, Germany and the UK — have been lobbying the administration and Congress with increasing urgency not to leave the deal. Like Iran, they say the deal is set in stone and cannot be changed.
But Europeans may attempt to help Mr Trump. They are seeking ways to tighten the deal within the bounds of the current agreement, or seek nuclear talks outside the deal. The UK has suggested ways to enforce it more strictly; France has suggested initiating ‘follow-on” talks for an agreement to kick in in 2025, when some of the so-called sunset provisions release Iran of some restrictions. Europeans may also be open to stronger moves against Iranian activities outside the deal itself, such as tackling its ballistic missile programme.
In other hand, Guardian reported that European governments fear a concerted effort to persuade Donald Trump to continue to certify the Iran nuclear deal may have failed and are now looking for other ways to try to salvage the two year-old agreement. European lobbying efforts are now focused on Congress which will have two months to decide – in the absence of Trump’s endorsement of the 2015 deal – whether to reimpose nuclear-related sanctions Fresh sanctions could in turn trigger Iranian withdrawal and a ramping up of its now mostly latent nuclear programme, taking the Middle East back to the brink of another major conflict.
When Trump threatened to withhold certification by a congressional deadline of 15 October, the UN general assembly in mid-September was seen by the European signatories of the agreement – the UK, France and Germany – as the last best chance to convince Trump of the dangers of destroying it.But according to the accounts of several diplomats involved, the effort got nowhere. Angela Merkel, in the final stages of an election campaign, could not attend, so it was left to Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron to use their meetings with the US president in New York to make a personal plea to keep the deal alive.
CNN also reported that t Donald Trump plans to “decertify” the Iran nuclear deal next week, declaring the Obama-era pact not in US interests and launching a congressional review period on the accord, according to two senior US officials. Trump is tentatively scheduled to unveil his plan during remarks a week from Thursday, though one official cautioned the timing could shift.Trump said Thursday that Iran has not “lived up” to the spirit of the deal. Speaking ahead of a dinner with military officers, Trump said it was imperative Iran not obtain nuclear weapons.The French president made no headway. To his consternation, Trump kept repeating that under the deal, the Iranians would have a nuclear bomb in five years, and nothing Macron could say would persuade him otherwise.
May’s session with the US president two days later was equally fruitless. She used half the 50-minute meeting trying to engage Trump on the merits of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), but he grew testy in response. He said he had decided on what to do, but flatly refused to tell her what that was. And he shrugged off her arguments, telling her “You make your decisions; I’ll make mine”. A British diplomat described it later as a “robust” conversation.