Eth­nic cos­tumes of no­mad women in Fars Prov­ince

Tehran Times - - LIFE -

TEHRAN — Iran’s no­madic Qashqai women in south­ern Fars Prov­ince still wear their col­or­ful eth­nic cos­tumes.

Qashqai is a part of the Tur­kic peo­ples from Cen­tral Asia who set­tled in Iran dur­ing the 11th and 12th cen­turies.

Their cos­tume, which is in bright, bold and en­er­getic col­ors, is now a part of their cul­tural at­trac­tion.

The dress of Qashqai is com­posed of mul­ti­ple gath­ered skirts, tu­nics (key­nak) with slit at the sides, cov­ered with short jack­ets (arkhaloq) with pointed sleeves.

They put a small cap (ko­laqcha) and wear di­aphanous scarves (lachak and char­qad). They also use a wrapped silk head­band (yaghloq and qalaq), which they tie over the head­scarf, with its ends trail­ing down the back. Dif­fer­ent tribes of Qashqai are dis­tin­guished by sub­tleties in dress such as the knot­ting of silk head­bands and the choice of fab­ric col­ors. They also use hand­made shoes. Col­or­ful glass beads, coins and at­trac­tive purl­ing are ex­tra­or­di­nary or­na­men­ta­tion used in spe­cial oc­ca­sions by Qashqai women. It man­i­fests the so­cial po­si­tion and their cul­tural-eco­nomic sta­tus. They also use or­na­men­ta­tion, which in­clude a charm or a writ­ten prayer to ward off evil.

Ira­ni­ans in dif­fer­ent parts of the coun­try used to wear eth­nic cos­tume in past time. In some re­gions, peo­ple still use tra­di­tional dresses. The clothes re­veal facts about lifestyle, his­tory and be­liefs of the lo­cals.

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