Pram­banan Tem­ple Com­pounds

Tehran Times - - HERITAGE & TOURISM -

Built in the 10th cen­tury, the Pram­banan Tem­ple Com­pounds (lo­cally known as Rara Jong­grang) is an enor­mous se­ries of sanc­tu­ar­ies ded­i­cated to Shiva in In­done­sia.

A World Her­itage, Pram­banan Tem­ple Com­pounds con­sists of Pram­banan Tem­ple (also called Loro Jong­grang), Sewu Tem­ple, Bubrah Tem­ple and Lum­bung Tem­ple.

Pram­banan Tem­ple it­self is a com­plex con­sist­ing of 240 tem­ples. All the men­tioned tem­ples form the Pram­banan Ar­chae­o­log­i­cal Park and were built dur­ing the hey­day of Sailen­dra’s pow­er­ful dy­nasty in Java in the 8th cen­tury CE.

Th­ese com­pounds are lo­cated on the bor­der be­tween the two prov­inces of Yo­gyakarta and Cen­tral Java on Java Is­land.

While Loro Jong­grang, dat­ing from the 9th cen­tury, is a bril­liant ex­am­ple of Hindu re­li­gious bas-re­liefs, Sewu, with its four pairs of Dwara­pala gi­ant stat­ues, is In­done­sia’s largest Bud­dhist com­plex in­clud­ing the tem­ples of Lum­bung, Bubrah and Asu (Gana tem­ple).

The Hindu tem­ples are dec­o­rated with re­liefs il­lus­trat­ing the In­done­sian ver­sion of the Ra­mayana epic which are mas­ter­pieces of stone carv­ings.

Th­ese are sur­rounded by hun­dreds of shrines that have been ar­ranged in three parts show­ing high lev­els of stone build­ing tech­nol­ogy and ar­chi­tec­ture from the 8th cen­tury CE in Java.

With over 500 tem­ples, Pram­banan Tem­ple Com­pounds rep­re­sents not only an ar­chi­tec­tural and cul­tural trea­sure, but also a stand­ing proof of past re­li­gious peace­ful co­hab­i­ta­tion.

A view of Pram­banan Tem­ple Com­pounds, a UNESCO World Her­itage site in In­done­sia

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