VP Ebtekar calls for women to wear col­or­ful tra­di­tional out­fits

Tehran Times - - WOMEN -

TEHRAN — Ira­nian tra­di­tional cloth­ing em­braces a va­ri­ety of col­ors, beauty and chastity, Ma­soumeh Ebtekar, the vice pres­i­dent for women’s and fam­ily af­fairs, said, adding the tra­di­tional out­fit can be­come a pat­tern for girl’s cloth­ing as well as fe­male univer­sity stu­dents.

The tra­di­tional el­e­ments and ef­fects and the vari­a­tion of col­ors ap­plied in tra­di­tional cloth­ing cre­ates vis­ual hope and hap­pi­ness, IRNA quoted Ebtekar as say­ing on Sun­day.

The ef­fects of us­ing col­ors on well­be­ing and fresh­ness of hu­man is sci­en­tif­i­cally proved, she noted.

Al­though, wear­ing tra­di­tional and tribal out­fits is highly for­got­ten, wear­ing tra­di­tional dresses cre­ates na­tional pride and so­cial hap­pi­ness which is driven from the rich Ira­nian cul­ture, she stated.

Poli­cies have been taken by the pres­i­den­tial of­fice for women and fam­ily af­fairs for re­vival of tra­di­tional out­fits, Ebtekar an­nounced.

Ebtekar fur­ther went on to say that in or­der to de­velop the art of mak­ing tra­di­tional dresses the pres­i­den­tial of­fice for women and fam­ily af­fairs is co­op­er­at­ing with the work­ing group of fash­ion and dress of the Min­istry of Cul­ture of Is­lamic Guid­ance.

Al­though the ma­jor­ity of Ira­ni­ans are Per­sian, Iran has a var­ied pop­u­la­tion that in­cludes dif­fer­ent eth­nic groups, each with their own lan­guage, tra­di­tion, and clothes, all of which add to the rich­ness of the coun­try’s cul­ture. Tra­di­tion­ally marked in women’s clothes, it’s easy to iden­tify which re­gion or tribe the per­son be­longs to based on the col­or­ful fab­rics, em­broi­dered pat­terns, dec­o­ra­tive jewelry, and style of hi­jab.

Bakhtiari The clothes of the Bakhtiari no­madic tribe are rather ver­sa­tile, ac­count­ing for the ex­treme weather con­di­tions they may en­counter dur­ing mi­gra­tion. Col­or­ful, lay­ered skirts paired with match­ing vests are com­mon for women. Their long scarves are em­bel­lished with hand­stitched de­signs or or­na­ments.

Qashqai

The Qashqai are an­other no­madic tribe. Women are dis­tin­guished by their vo­lu­mi­nous, multi-lay­ered, col­or­ful skirts and long head­scarves pinned under the chin, which al­low loose pieces of hair to frame their face.

Baluchi

The south­east­ern Sis­tan and Baluches­tan Prov­ince borders Pak­istan and Afghanistan, and the tra­di­tional clothes of this re­gion there­fore re­sem­ble the typ­i­cal shal­war kameez of these neigh­bor­ing coun­tries. Along with pants and col­or­ful em­broi­dered knee-length dresses, women adorn them­selves with gold bracelets, neck­laces, and brooches, and a sec­ond, longer shawl of­ten cov­ers their head and shoul­ders.

Turk­men

Earthy tones dom­i­nate the tra­di­tional dress of Turk­men men and women. Wear­ing long dresses with open robes, women of­ten con­ceal part of their face with a cloth hang­ing just be­low the nose.

Kurds

Kurds have vary­ing styles, as re­flected by their res­i­dence in dif­fer­ent re­gions. Both men and women tend to wear baggy clothes shaped at the waist by a wide belt. Men wear match­ing jack­ets, and women dec­o­rate their head­scarves with dan­gling coins and jewels.

Lur

In con­trast to Lur men, who fa­vor neu­tral col­ors in their baggy clothes, women lean to­wards bright, fem­i­nine col­ors, with the trade­mark stripes hemmed on the pant cuffs. A vest re­veals the sleeves of the long dress worn over the pants. Af­ter wrap­ping the head­scarf around the head, neck, and shoul­ders, a long piece is left hang­ing down the back.

Gi­laki

Worn with long shirts and match­ing vests, floor-sweep­ing skirts with col­or­ful hor­i­zon­tal stripes at the bot­tom are the dis­cern­ing fea­tures of the tra­di­tional Gi­lak wardrobe in the north­ern Gi­lan Prov­ince.

Mazani

With pants worn un­derneath, the tra­di­tional skirts of the north­ern Mazan­daran re­gion (north of Iran) are known to be much shorter and puffier than in other re­gions.

Vil­lage of Abyaneh

In the vil­lage of Abyaneh, Is­fa­han Prov­ince, the ag­ing pop­u­la­tion has main­tained their tra­di­tional clothes. Women con­tinue to don airy, be­low-the-knee skirts and their sig­na­ture long, white flo­ral scarves that cover the shoul­ders.

South­ern cities of Ban­dar Ab­bas and Qeshm

The women in the south­ern port town of Ban­dar Ab­bas and the is­land of Qeshm are no­table for their brightly col­ored, flo­ral chadors and niqab, which come in two types. The first gives the im­pres­sion of thick eye­brows and a mus­tache from afar, a ruse used in the past to fool po­ten­tial in­vaders into mis­tak­ing women for men. The other is a rec­tan­gu­lar em­broi­dered cov­er­ing re­veal­ing only the eyes. Many women choose not to wear the niqab to­day, but it is part of a cen­turies-old tra­di­tion that helped pro­tect the face from the wind, sand, and scorch­ing sun in these ar­eas.

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