Paris as­sas­si­na­tions: the ques­tion of PKK and Turkey in­car­cer­ate Kur­dish na­tional sovereignty

The Kurdish Globe - - EDITORIAL -

It has be­come a norm with the Kur­dis­tan Work­ers Party (PKK) that when­ever the or­ga­ni­za­tion has en­tered any kinds of ne­go­ti­a­tion or dis­cus­sion with re­spec­tive Turk­ish gov­ern­ments for a so called peace­ful so­lu­tion to the Kur­dish ques­tion, a shock­ing provo­ca­tion takes place and hin­ders the whole process.

The his­tory of the or­ga­ni­za­tion is full of dark and mys­te­ri­ous provo­ca­tions. The lat­est one is the killing of three PKK af­fil­i­ated fe­male mil­i­tants in Paris. A found­ing mem­ber of the PKK and two other Kur­dish women ac­tivists were shot dead in Paris in ex­e­cu­tion­style killings that could com­pli­cate re­newed talks to end the three-decade war be­tween Turkey and the PKK.

French law-en­force­ment au­thor­i­ties stated that the vic­tims were shot at close range last Wed­nes­day af­ter­noon in killings that bore the hall­marks of a tar­geted as­sas­si­na­tion. The killings come in the midst of op­ti­mism in Turkey over talks that be­gan in De­cem­ber be­tween the Turk­ish in­tel­li­gence agency known as MIT and PKK>s im­pris­oned leader, Ab­dul­lah Ocalan, who is serv­ing a life sen­tence for trea­son in an is­land prison (Im­rali) in the sea of Mar­mara, just off the Turk­ish coast.

The Paris as­sas­si­na­tions are most prob­a­bly an at­tempt to ham­per the on­go­ing ne­go­ti­a­tions for a peace­ful set­tle­ment of the Kur­dish ques­tion. But it also in­di­cates the char­ac­ter of PKK and its dark re­la­tions. The fact that the or­ga­ni­za­tion has im­bued with so many provo­ca­tions for all those years shows that it does not have an in­de­pen­dent iden­tity and pro­gram but rather it is an or­ga­ni­za­tion in­fil­trated with var­i­ous re­gional forces for their re­gional op­er­a­tion.

The PKK and its af­fil­i­ated arms such as PJAK in Iran and PYD in Syria rep­re­sent an anom­aly within Kur­dish na­tional in­ter­ests. Th­ese or­ga­ni­za­tions do not serve the gen­eral in­ter­ests of the Kur­dish na­tion nor are they con­cerned with the demo­cratic na­tional rights of the na­tion. Be­cause of this char­ac­ter of theirs they are open to ma­nip­u­la­tions and provo­ca­tions by re­gional forces.

Whether the Paris as­sas­si­na­tions can hin­der the on­go­ing ne­go­ti­a­tions be­tween Ocalan and MIT re­mains to be seen. There are too many sides and cir­cles that are not happy to see a peace­ful so­lu­tion be­tween Turkey and PKK. It is not a se­cret that the Ke­mal­ist wing within the Turk­ish es­tab­lish­ment does want a peace­ful so­lu­tion of the Kur­dish ques­tion and is not happy to see changes in the sta­tus quo of the Mid­dle East. The strug­gle, be­tween the Ke­mal­ist wing and the AKP led Is­lamic col­ored Ana­to­lian bour­geoisie, for power and priv­i­leges has used the Kur­dish is­sue for their own in­ter­ests.

While the AKP at­tempts to re­solve the is­sue within the frame­work of in­di­vid­ual and cul­tural ques­tion by ac­com­mo­dat­ing the Kur­dish iden­tity within a nar­row mi­nor­ity rights, the Ke­mal­ist elite in­sist in their decades old pol­icy of as­sim­i­la­tion. While the AKP tries to es­tab­lish a new iden­tity un­der the ban­ner of <Turkiyeli ol­mak> (to be cit­i­zen of Turkey) the Ke­mal­ist in­sist on the iden­tity of Turk­ish. The re­cent open ne­go­ti­a­tions be­tween MIT and Ocalan are an in­di­ca­tion that the PKK is dis­tanc­ing it­self from the Ke­mal­ist and con­vinced into the or­bit of AKP pol­icy.

Cer­tain sec­tion within the PKK un­der the in­flu­ence of Iran and Syria will re­sist a peace­ful so­lu­tion be­tween the PKK and Turkey. Th­ese two re­gional pow­ers have their own in­ter­ests to use PKK as an in­stru­ment in their re­gional power strug­gle. It is not far­fetched to fore­see a fur­ther in­ten­si­fi­ca­tion of the power strug­gle within the Turk­ish es­tab­lish­ment, within the PKK and be­tween re­gional pow­ers.

As per above it is men­tioned that the on­go­ing ne­go­ti­a­tions is aims to re­solve the ques­tion be­tween Turkey and the PKK and not be­tween Turkey and Kur­dish na­tional ques­tion. PKK does not rep­re­sent the Kur­dish na­tional move­ment or Kur­dish na­tion. The so called the Kur­dish ques­tion is in fact is a Kur­dish na­tional ques­tion, in other words it is a ques­tion of na­tional sovereignty, ter­ri­tory and self-de­ter­mi­na­tion.

It is not a cul­tural and in­di­vid­ual ques­tion re­lated to democ­racy. De­moc­ra­ti­za­tion of Turkey, Iran, Syria or Iran can­not re­solve the Kur­dish na­tional ques­tion. A proper so­lu­tion to the Kur­dish na­tional ques­tion must ad­dress and rec­og­nize na­tional sovereignty of the Kurds over their ter­ri­tory (Kur­dis­tan) and nat­u­ral re­sources within the frame­work of self-de­ter­mi­na­tion.

A so­lu­tion of the ques­tion be­tween the PKK and Turkey none­the­less will be a use­ful be­gin­ning for the de­mar­ca­tion of those who re­duces the Kur­dish na­tional ques­tion to mi­nor­ity ques­tion and those who pur­sue a na­tional pol­icy.

In any case, the Paris as­sas­si­na­tions im­plies that even a peace­ful so­lu­tion be­tween the PKK and Turkey is not an easy process be­cause both sides have dark and se­cre­tive re­la­tions in a very dirty and com­pli­cated back­ground.

An­gry demon­stra­tors raise por­trait of one of the found­ing mem­bers of the PKK, Sakine Can­siz, who was as­sas­i­nated in Paris ear­ler this month.

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