The Res­o­lute De­mands of the Kurds in Ne­go­ti­a­tions with Turkey

The Kurdish Globe - - CULTURE - By Ardishir Rashidi-Kal­hur

This morn­ing in Paris, the lives and voices of three brave Kur­dish lionesses were trag­i­cally gunned down. De­spite this tragedy, which leaves un­re­solved who is to blame or the mo­tives, the Kurds must not lose hope at the start of talks with the government of Turkey. Kurds ev­ery­where mourn the loss of three coura­geous women ac­tivists and lead­ers in the strug­gle for recog­ni­tion of Kur­dish cul­tural and hu­man rights. As the world pays homage to their mem­o­ries, their names and im­ages will un­doubt­edly il­lus­trate the vo­lu­mi­nous Book of the Mar­tyrs of Kur­dis­tan.

In the Kur­dish le­gend, the stars of the Milky Way rep­re­sent the car­a­van of brave men and women who have de­voted and given their lives bravely for the home­land. Th­ese three will be the lat­est to join this bright clus­ter of stars. With a re­solve and a de­ter­mi­na­tion that is stronger than ever, the daugh­ters and moth­ers of Kur­dis­tan will look into the depths of the Milky Way, and name three of its bright­est stars in the honor and me­mory of th­ese three Kur­dish heroines. Kur­dis­tan, and the me­mory of those who have sac­ri­ficed their lives for it, will like the Milky Way it­self, re­main eter­nal.

At the on­set of talks with the Turk­ish government, the en­try cri­te­ria for the Kur­dish ne­go­tia­tors must be to keep in sight, clearly and firmly, the strate­gic goal that de­fines the ul­ti­mate as­pi­ra­tion of the Kur­dish peo­ple. It will be very im­por­tant to be will­ing to set aside one’s in­di­vid­ual and party af­fil­i­ated in­ter­ests in or­der to achieve that goal. The goal is to achieve the right to self-de­ter­mi­na­tion and demo­cratic rep­re­sen­ta­tion, a right earned by the his­tory of re­sis­tance and strug­gle for in­de­pen­dence by the peo­ple of Kur­dis­tan, backed by the Char­ter of the United Na­tions guar­an­tee­ing the right of a peo­ple to self-de­ter­mi­na­tion through Ref­er­en­dum.

This Right is re­in­forced by bod­ies of in­ter­na­tional law, his­tor­i­cal ex­am­ples of other na­tions achiev­ing in­de­pen­dence and the Uni­ver­sal Dec­la­ra­tion of Hu­man Rights. The ne­go­ti­a­tion must be sin­cere and can­did in or­der to reach a mean­ing­ful res­o­lu­tion with mea­sur­able steps to be sup­ported and en­forced by leg­is­la­tion and politi- cal will of the par­ties in­volved. Such a res­o­lu­tion can be drafted for adop­tion by both par­ties with the fol­low­ing lan­guage:

1) Wel­com­ing, the Rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the Euro­pean Union, the United Na­tions and other mu­tu­ally trusted third party ob­servers to be a part of the ne­go­ti­a­tion and agree­ment process be­tween the Kur­dish and the Turk­ish ne­go­tia­tors.

2) Ac­knowl­edg­ing that af­ter decades of armed strug­gle, the peo­ple of Kur­dis­tan have es­tab­lished their will­ing­ness to end the decade’s old armed cam­paign against the government of Turkey, in or­der to es­tab­lish a new chap­ter in its re­la­tion with the good and hon­or­able peo­ple of Turkey to live to­gether in the spirit of peace, brother­hood and as good neigh­bors.

3) End­ing im­me­di­ately, mil­i­tary op­er­a­tion by the government of Turkey against the Kur­dish pop­u­la­tion within the Kur­dish pop­u­lated re­gions.

4) Will­ing­ness by the government of Turkey to rec­og­nize in re­turn, the full po- lit­i­cal and hu­man rights of the peo­ple of Kur­dis­tan by cre­at­ing and al­low­ing a con­sti­tu­tional sys­tem of democ­racy in Turkey, un­der which peace­ful and demo­cratic ref­er­en­dum to in­de­pen­dence of the Kur­dish ad­min­is­trated re­gion in Turkey can be held un­hin­dered within a spe­cific time frame.

5) Des­ig­nat­ing the Kur­dish Ad­min­is­trated Re­gion to con­sist of those prov­inces in Turkey with a pre­dom­i­nately Kur­dish pop­u­la­tion, and such re­gion to be ad­min­is­tered by a Kur­dish Re­gional Ad­min­is­tra­tive Author­ity.

6) Erad­i­cat­ing poverty and un­em­ploy­ment in the de­fined Kur­dish Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion, by the Cen­tral Government of Turkey al­lo­cat­ing a per-capita share of the government’s an­nual bud­get to be in­vested in the des­ig­nated Kur­dish Ad­min­is­trated Re­gion.

7) Em­pow­er­ing the Kur­dish Re­gional Ad­min­is­tra­tive Au­thor­i­ties to im­ple­ment an Ed­u­ca­tional sys­tem in Kur­dish, Turk­ish and English for K through 12 and higher ed­u­ca­tion.

8) Im­ple­ment­ing a sys­tem of Health de­liv­ery that will pre­vent dis­pro­por­tion­ate mor­tal­ity among the chil­dren and the pop­u­la­tion liv­ing in the Kur­dish Ad­min­is­trated Re­gion.

9) As­sur­ing gen­der equal­ity with re­gard to ed­u­ca­tional need and eco­nomic pro­duc­tiv­ity of women and with re­spect to so­cial ethic and tra­di­tion.

10) Rec­og­niz­ing the im­por­tance of the arche­o­log­i­cal and his­tor­i­cal sites in Kur­dis­tan and han­dover of their pro­tec­tion and tourism to the Kur­dish Re­gional Ad­min­is­tra­tive Au­thor­i­ties.

11) In­vest­ing in the eco­nomic devel­op­ment of the Re­gion by in­tro­duc­tion of in­dus­tries and tech­nolo­gies that re­spect the health and in­tegrity of the en­vi­ron­ment.

12) Re­moval of Turkey’s mil­i­tary bases within the Kur­dish Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion, and their phased re­place­ment with build­ing of Univer­si­ties and devel­op­ment of mul­ti­pur­pose com­mu­nity cen­ters.

13) Promis­ing of con­tinu- ous ne­go­ti­a­tion be­tween the par­ties un­til such time that the in­tent of this res­o­lu­tion is ne­go­ti­ated in de­tail, leg­is­lated, and en­acted to the sat­is­fac­tion of the par­ties and in wit­ness of the en­gaged third par­ties.

14) Fi­nally, the par­ties re­al­ize, that the path of war and vi­o­lence which has by now taken the life of over 40,000 peo­ple, will never bring peace to Turkey nor will help the Kur­dish peo­ple to re­al­ize their as­pi­ra­tion to­ward self-gov­er­nance. Thus, the only road that re­mains is to fol­low the road of peace, and those who wish to achieve a peace­ful so­lu­tion to the Kur­dish is­sue in Turkey must come to the ta­ble with the clear­est of vi­sions, sin­cer­est in­ten­tions and a keen in­tel­lect pre­pared for prob­lem solv­ing that will take the Kur­dishTurk­ish con­flict to a res­o­lu­tion with new hope and peace­ful re­la­tions for the fu­ture.

Women re­act next to a por­trait of Fi­dan Do­gan in­side the Kur­dish cul­tural cen­ter in Paris, Thurs­day, Jan. 10, 2013. Three Kur­dish women, in­clud­ing Fi­dan Do­gan and Sakine Can­siz, who was one of the founders of a mil­i­tant group bat­tling Turk­ish troops since 1984 were "ex­e­cuted" at a Kur­dish cen­ter in Paris, the in­te­rior min­is­ter said Thurs­day.

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