Domestic vi­o­lence still a cause of high con­cern

Around 2,400 women faced vi­o­lence, while six men were killed by their wives

The Kurdish Globe - - NATIONAL - BY Salih Wal­ad­bagi

In spite of of­fi­cial state­ments point­ing to a drop in the num­ber of cases of vi­o­lence against women, the num­ber re­mains of high con­cern. On the other hand, men also in­creas­ing com­plain about the vi­o­lence they en­dure in the fam­ily, from their wives.

Ac­cord­ing to of­fi­cial statis­tics pub­lished by the Kur­dis­tan Re­gional Government’s ( KRG) di­rec­torate of vi­o­lence against women, in the last six months of last year alone, some 2,400 cases of vi­o­lence had been reg­is­tered.

Hazha Suleiman, a mem­ber of the com­mit­tee for de­fend­ing women's rights in the Kur­dis­tan Par­lia­ment, told the Kur­dish me­dia that the rea­son be­hind es­ca­lat­ing vi­o­lence is due to broad and quick so­cial de­vel­op­ments in Kur­dish so­ci­ety.

She also warned of the mis­use of new tech­nolo­gies such as mo­bile and com­mu­ni­ca­tion tools.

Suleiman fur­ther no­ticed that vi­o­lence against women had in the past been hid­den by the Kur­dish pa­tri­ar­chal so­ci­ety, and women did not have the courage to com­plain against their hus­bands in the court­houses.

“I do be­lieve that the high num­ber of vi­o­lence cases is be­cause women in­creas­ingly hav­ing the courage to go to court­houses and lodge com­plaints against their hus­bands.”

She also ex­pressed that the cul­tural devel­op­ment of the Kur­dish pa­tri­ar­chal so­ci­ety has not been on the same pace as new tech­nolo­gies.

De­spite the ex­is­tence of sev­eral women NGOs and pub­lic in­sti­tu­tion for the de­fen­fse women's rights, the num­ber of vi­o­lent cases stunned many civil so­ci­ety ac­tivists.

Suleiman said that the women NGOs could not pro­fes­sion­ally re­alise their ob­jec­tives, adding that they failed to fo­cus equally on the ge­o­graph­i­cal dis­tances.

She also added that the vast ma­jor­ity of the vi­o­lence cases takes place on the out­skirts, while the NGOs con­cen­trate more in­tensly on the city cen­ters. ‘Kur­dis­tan Men Union’ With the devel­op­ment of the Kur­dish pa­tri­ar­chal so­ci­ety in terms of cul­ture and econ­omy, vi­o­lence against men, an ex­tra­or­di­nary phe­nom­e­non, is on the rise too.

Bu­rahn Ali Faraj, sec­re­tary of the union, told Kur­dish me­dia that the num­ber of cases of vi­o­lence against men hit a new record high. He fur­ther added that the union reg­is­tered some 163 cases of vi­o­lence against men across the Re­gion.

“Some six men were killed by their wives, while around 40 men killed them­selves,” he said.

“Some 41 women were in­volved in mar­i­tal dis­loy­alty in the pre­vi­ous year.”

He also added that wealth and af­flu­ence of some 27 el­der men were seized by their wives, who forced them to leave the house.

Ac­cord­ing to of­fi­cial statis­tics, some 48 cases of di­vorce were reg­is­tered in the courts, all be­cause of in­ter­ven­tion on the part of women’s fam­ily.

He also added that 11 men faced psy­cho­log­i­cal pres­sure and sex­ual abuse by their wives.

In 2012, some 5,399 cases of di­vorce had been reg­is­tered across courts in Kur­dis­tan. In the first quar­ter of 2012, the di­vorce rate was only equal to 17 per­cent of mar­riages. ‘Psy­cho­log­i­cal anal­y­sis’ Sa­man Si­waili who is a psy­cho­log­i­cal doc­tor says that the rapid changes inso­ci­ety makes life more com­pli­cated than ever so that in essence the num­ber of the vi­o­lence cases is not that high when com­pared with the pace of changes.

Like Suleiman, he also warned of the mis­use of com­mu­ni­ca­tion and tech­nol­ogy tools such as mo­bile and in­ter­net. He added that over­work­ing makes peo­ple ex­hausted, and this leads to the pos­si­ble re­duc­tion of sleep­ing hours. Ac­cord­ingly, the like­li­hood of vi­o­lence tak­ing place also ex­po­nen­tially in­creases.

“The vast ma­jor­ity of cases are small things and are re­solv­able. But the ir­ri­tated cou­ples can­not solve their prob­lems peace­fully.”

To re­duce the num­ber of vi­o­lence cases, Si­wiali rec­om­mended that peo­ple should try to take their spir­i­tual or psy­cho­log­i­cal con­di­tions into con­sid­er­a­tion.

In con­clu­sion, he said peo­ple can pur­chase with rel­a­tive ease any kind of guns in the three Kur­dish prov­inces, which is a ma­jor rea­son for an in­crease in the num­bers. He urged the KRG to take very strong steps to erad­i­cate the cul­ture of gun-hold­ing among the peo­ple.

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