Power pro­duc­tion to dou­ble in three years

Power con­sump­tion in­creases 2.4 times in 6 years

The Kurdish Globe - - EDITORIAL -

Ac­cord­ing to a plan by the Min­istry of Elec­tric­ity of the Kur­dis­tan Re­gional Government (KRG) elec­tric­ity gen­er­a­tion level will reach 6,000 megawatts, al­most twice as to­day’s pro­duc­tion level.

This plan is based on statis­tics show­ing that the con­sump­tion level has been on a con­stant rapid in­crease in the past decade and it would fur­ther in­crease in the fu­ture due to the sig­nif­i­cant eco­nomic boom the re­gion is ex­pe­ri­enc­ing.

This pro­duc­tion level, how­ever, is ex­pected to ex­ceed the domestic de­mand and the KRG would then be able to sell some elec­tric­ity to other Iraqi prov­inces out­side of Kur­dis­tan Re­gion. Statis­tics avail­able at the min­istry show that the cur­rent power con­sump­tion rate in the re­gion is 3,488 megawatts, while this rate used to be only 1,457 megawatts in 2006.

Kur­dis­tan Re­gion gen­er­ates its power from a num­ber of lo­cal power sta­tions in­clud­ing the Cham­chamal, Er­bil, Duhok and Baadre Gas Power Sta­tions, Dar­bandikhan and Dokan Hy­dropower Sta­tions and the three 29 Megawatt power sta­tions in Er­bil, Duhok and Suleimaniya. Com­bin­ing all the power gen­er­a­tion ca­pac­ity of the KRG, the re­gion has had a record break­ing power sup­ply be­tween 20 and 22 hours per day.

The in­crease in the power pro­duc­tion ca­pac­ity of the re­gion has been on a con­stant in­crease re­cently. The re­gion was only pro­duc­ing 482 MW in 2007, which was raised to 484 MW in 2008, 809 MW in 2009, 1047 MW in 2010, 1435 MW in 2011 and fi­nally to 2700 MW in 2012, show­ing its high­est jump of around 100% in one year.

More­over, there are other projects such as the Er­bil Com­bined Cy­cle Gas Power Sta­tion, ex­ten­sion of Khor­mala, Zakho and Baadre power sta­tions are un­der im­ple­men­ta­tion as well as a sign­ing the con­tract for the first steam power sta­tion with a ca­pac­ity of 300 MW.

All the re­gion’s cities, dis­tricts and sub-dis­tricts cur­rently have na­tional power sup­ply in ad­di­tion to over­whelm­ing ma­jor­ity of the in­hab­ited vil­lages. More than 800 vil­lages in Duhok, more than 1100 vil­lages in Er­bil and 1300 vil­lages in Su­laimaniyah are con­nected to the na­tional power sup­ply grid.

In ad­di­tion to the res­i­dents of Kur­dis­tan Re­gion, the KRG pro­vides elec­tric­ity to Kur­dish ar­eas out­side the re­gion such as parts of Kirkuk, Mo­sul and Diala prov­inces. In June 2011 the government pro­vided 200 MW power to Kirkuk, and in June 2012 it al­lo­cated 50 MW power to Mo­sul Province. Makhmour District also started to get 20 MW from Kur­dis­tan Re­gion since early 2012. Later in the same year and in Oc­to­ber, Duz Khur­matu District got power sup­ply from KRG. Ad­di­tion­ally the KRG sup­ported Khanaqeen and Sheikhan dis­tricts by in­creas­ing their power sup­ply hours from 4 – 6 hours up to as high as 16 hours.

KRG is cur­rently try­ing to con­trol the con­sump­tion of elec­tric­ity and en­sure equal­ity among con­sumers. For this it has started to im­ple­ment the project of in­stalling smart power me­ters for elec­tric­ity sub­scribers. This strate­gic project, which is sched­uled to fin­ish in 2 to 3 years, is ex­pected to save around 500 MW of power con­sump­tion and set a foun­da­tion for the fu­ture of en­ergy devel­op­ment in Kur­dis­tan Re­gion.

De­vel­op­ments in power pro­duc­tion and con­sump­tion

Statis­tics avail­able at the Elec­tric­ity Min­istry show that power pro­duc­tion ca­pac­ity of the re­gion has in­creased by 400% since 2004, while the de­mand has in­creased by 227% since the same year. This means that the government has been suc­cess­ful in sig­nif­i­cantly re­duc­ing the gap be­tween the de­mand and sup­ply of elec­tric­ity in the re­gion.

While the power de­mand in 2004 was 33 MW in Er­bil, it has reached up to 1,143 MW. Sim­i­larly, in Su­laimaniyah the rate has jumped from its 2004 value of 362 MW to 1280 MW in 2012 and Duhok has also wit­nessed a dra­matic in­crease from 231 MW in 2004 to 856 MW in 2012. This means that the to­tal de­mand in 2004 was 829 MW and this has reached 3279 MW in 2012, al­most 4 times higher in less than a decade.

Government’s elec­tric­ity bud­get

Ev­ery year the re­gional government al­lo­cates bud­get for numer­ous power pro­duc­tion and distri­bu­tion projects. Cur­rently the Elec­tric­ity Min­istry has 112 on­go­ing and pro­posed projects with a to­tal value of more than IQD 1.8 tril­lion (more than US$ 1.5 bil­lion), and for which it has al­lo­cated more than IQD 500 bil­lion (ap­prox­i­mately US$ 440 mil­lion) from this year’s bud­get.

Last year’s elec­tric­ity bud­get was more than IQD 900 bil­lion (ap­prox­i­mately US$ 700 mil­lion).

This pic­ture de­picts a power sta­tion.

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