Kurdistan will produce adequate electricity in 2016
Electricity production has been raised six times since 2007
During the past years, Kurdistan's Ministry of Electricity has tried hard to attract the attention of the international, regional and local industrial companies in order to invest their capitals in the sector of electricity. Thus far, the ministry has brought about $1 billion foreign capital into the semi-autonomous Kurdistan Region to develop electricity production. The ministry is planning to change the name of the ministry from (Ministry of Electricity) to (Ministry of Energy) as well.
Minister of Electricity Abu-Bakir Yasin has recently said that year after year the total average of electricity production rises, so that it means people need more electricity. He also said: "We are now able to produce more than 2,700 MGW in Kurdistan. The total average of the electricity distributed in 2012 reached 1, 835 MGW, and it is almost six times more than 2007 when the ministry was able to produce only 482 MGW."
Due to swift development of cities and towns and immigration of villagers to the huge cities and also building numerous housing projects in Kurdistan, the ministry should try to raise its production. "There is a huge demand of electricity in the region due to increasing the population of the cities. The ministry is now planning to rise the electricity production to 6, 000 MGW in 2016," the minister said.
'New power plants'
In an innovative step the ministry has signed a contract to build a steam power plant, which is the first of its kind in Kurdistan. It will be able to produce almost 300 MGW. There are also more new power plants which are under design such as two power plants in the cities of Qaladzi and Harir, each of them can produce 200 MGW.
The ministry is also trying to use natural resources in the aim of producing more electricity. With cooperation of Japanese, it is going to build a hydropower plant in the city of
'Public sector supports
for private sector'
The minister Yasin said that the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) has so far supported private sector companies and gave them long-term loans in order to improve the electricity production. He also clarified that the ministry has so far supported private companies and said: "Supporting and developing private sector is an international standard and any success in that sector will be a great achievement for the min- istry. In fact, the ministry controls the system of producing electricity and distribution as well as purchasing fuel for operating the power plants, so that we invest millions of dollars to develop electricity lines, power plants and providing mobile power plants."
'The KRG's electricity for the Kurdish cities within disputed areas'
The KRG's Ministry of Electricity planned to provide electricity for the Kurdish cities, which are situated in the political disputed areas, as a national mission. On June 2011, the ministry could provide 200 MGW for the province of Kirkuk as well as providing 50 MGW for Mosul.
It has so far provided electricity for the city of Makhmoor and almost 152 surrounded villages and raising electricity hours from (4-6) in the cities of Khanaqin and Shekhan to almost (16)
hours per day.
During Saddam's ruling almost all of the Kurdish villages were ruined by his regime which was estimated to be around 4, 500 villages. After taking control of the three Kurdish provinces of Erbil, Sulaimaniyah and Duhok, in 1991, it was not an easy mission to build all the infrastructures of Kurdistan.
The ministry has so far provided electricity for more than 800 villages in Duhok province as well as providing electricity for 1115 villages in the city of Erbil. There are 59 villages in Erbil province which the ministry has provided them with power generator. In regards to Sulaimaniyah province, the ministry has provided electricity to more than 1300 villages.
A view of the Erbil Gas-fired Power Plant.