Kurdistan still in trouble
Victorious history adds nothing to the cause
The Republic of Mahabad, officially known as the Republic of Kurdistan, established in Iranian Kurdistan. It was a short-lived Kurdish government that sought Kurdish autonomy within the limits of the Iranian state.The capital was the city of Mahabad in northwestern Iran. The state itself encompassed a small territory, including Mahabad and the market towns of Piranshahr, Sardasht, Bukan, Naqada and Ushnaviya. The republic's foundation and demise was a part of the Iran crisis during the opening stages of the Cold War. “A tree can’t die unless it has a worm within,” reads a Kurdish saying. Reading decade of independency and freedom of Africa (1960s) reminded me the saying. Seventeen African countries starting from Cameroon and Togo to Chad and Benin received independence in hope to have a better life. Fifty years later, that dream never came true. Why is that? This question needs asking. I think the answer is the Kurdish saying, meaning African countries have no good leader and good governance. The hindrance of development is within, rather external. The same possible scenario has been applicable in Kurdistan.
Which one is considered true: Africans were not ready for independency, or the colonization system planned for such weak African countries? I think both are true. Africans were not ready to be independent because until now they frame themselves weak and powerless. As the BBC article titled “Africans on Africa: Colonialism” simply put it corruption is not the only and core problem for Africans’ underdevelopment, the bigger problem is how Africans look at themselves, the low self-esteem within. The second one is also true because France and Britain left their legacy, administration, eyes and hands on those African countries received independence from them. Senegal, for instance, is still run by French government because the ruling power is under the hands and in- fluence of France. If I may link this to Kurdistan by asking: Is Kurdistan being colonized by super powers? This needs a long answer and I leave it to my readers to think about.
Dependency, violation of human rights and weak and corrupted NGOs are three other key factors hinder development in Africa. As Diana Mitlin and et tal put it in their article that NGOs are the alternatives of govt. to push people participate in development. But NGOs in the African countries are nowhere close to that approach. The dictatorial regimes violate human rights on daily basis in African countries. Having said that, a country would never develop if fights against human rights. I think if France and Britain knew African colonies would stand on their own feet, they would never set them free. But they well knew that Africans would still be dependent on them. Then they said “so what?” if they receive independence. Independent African countries are cartoon independent countries because in reality they are still depending on powerful countries even for water. The same possible scenario could be true for Kurdistan.
Another background information is that Kurdish people in Turkey tried to have an entity of their own in late 1920s. The Republic of Ararat or Kurdish Republic of Ararat was a selfproclaimed Kurdish state. It was located in eastern Turkey, being centered on Karaköse Province. Agirî is the Kurdish name for Ararat. The Republic of Ararat led by the central committee of Xoybûn party (founded by Kurds in Turkey) declared independence on October 28, 1927 or 1928, during a wave of rebellion among Kurds in southeastern Turkey. The Ararat rebellion was led by General Ihsan Nuri Pasha. In October 1927, Kurd Ava or Kurdava, a village near Mount Ararat was designated as the provisional capital of Kurdistan. Xoybûn made appeals to the Great Powers and the League of Nations, and also sent messages to other Kurds in Iraqand Syria to ask for co-operation.
An article posted by Al-Jazeera says South Africa is the “capital of rape” of the world It says every nine of ten women suffers from rapists. Worse than this is only one out of ten is reported to police. And worst is those men arrested by police will be released the same day and walk out laughing. Worst above all is when police mock those women reporting their cases.
According to the article, rapists rape lesbians most in hope to push them to give up practicing lesbianism. That’s called “corrective rape”. One of the key factors of this phenomenon in South Africa is lack of education and that derails the country on the path of development. The article says women are likely to be raped that to learn to read. Violation of human rights is one of the lines differentiating a modern and developed country from backward and underdeveloped one.
This reminds me situation of women in Iraq and Kurdistan where domestic violence conducted against women has made life of submissive women more difficult. There is no law in Iraq to protect women from domestic violence. Iraq needs a hand in development more than any other country as it’s a torn-apart post war country. Underdevelopment does not only come from embezzlement, nepotism, poor governance and bad leaders, it also comes from lack of law. Imagine a country where police mocks raped women and where law has nothing to say for those men beating women for simplest mistakes they make in everyday life.
These under developed countries make slow changes even in the age of information technology. India, the world’s fastest growing economy, gets little benefit from social media as an instance of the IT age. Kurdistan, a fast growing economy in the Middle East, is not better than India. Is it true that Kurdistan and other countries alike are being colonized and/or westernized by the social media?
It’s useless to push someone eat while their stomach is aching. Under such a circumstance, whatever they eat worsens their health. We should think of a treatment to cure the stomach so that he/she could eat well and come back to life. This is true for the information technology for the third world countries. Technology is useless for a country where illiteracy is at the peak. More than a quarter of the Indian population cannot read and write. What technology brings to them if they don’t know to use, worse than that if they don’t to read and write. As this piece puts it on this link http://wiki. media- culture. org. au/ index. php/ Digital_Divide_-_Third_World_ Countries, The Internet is used for almost everything today, 'digital technology can have an impact on the flow of investment, goods and global services in the global market place and if a country cannot participate and connect in these technologies then they are left behind. A writer for the British Medical Journal, a World Health Organisation official, Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer said, 'the current divide between digital haves and have-nots is more dramatic than any other inequality in health or income.’ Therefore, more important than the information technology is to find a way to rid people from the illiteracy they have been suffering from. To give illiterate people all the books of the world, best internet access for free adds nothing to the mind and that leads nowhere to make a change or progress.