Ethical Concerns in Kurdish Media
Kurdish journalism has endured various stages; similar to other transforming counties, it has passed through an unsteady dubious state to a more stable form. However, the ethical dilemma remains complex and somehow widely misapprehended. Despite the fact that the Kurdish journalism has greatly been influenced by the neighboring countries chaos and historical events, the ethical values remain unresolved.
In present Kurdish media, owing to multiple factors, full or partially biased and unjust bigoted views are noticed that are dictated by the emotions and party driven loyalty rather than rationalism and patriotism. In Kurdish media particularly the online journalism, there are more tendencies to ignore the ethical values.
The society of professional journalism (SPJ) code of ethics defines the duty of the journalist as seeking truth and providing a fair and comprehensive account of events and issues. Conscientious journalists from all media and specialties strive to serve the public with thoroughness and honesty. Professional integrity is the cornerstone of a journalist's credibility. In accordance to the SPJ, the foremost duties of journalists are to seek truth and report it; minimize harm; act independently; and be accountable. Hence, media should remain on people’s side as their power rather than ruling or manipulative parties’. As such it is imperative for the media to sustain impartiality and remain independent, and in the meantime, work to- wards public interest, protect social justice and values.
The complex ethical issues become more intricate in online journalism where anonymity and pseudo names are prevalent. The ethical concerns have greatly been intensified in online journalism, as it is rather harder to identify the validity of the sources, writers and motives behind them. The rapid paces and overtime changes in the global journalism have turned the Kurdish journalism unstable and somehow transformed into a mimicked journalism. Although, we have witnessed various radical changes in the essence of the journalism and evolving journalism methodologies and concepts, but this is insufficient compared to the global advances.
Kurdish journalism should focus on the strategic nationalistic views rather than the disintegrating and partiality benefited by individuals or groups (whether political, social or economical). Media attributed, as the Fourth Estate is a societal or political force or institution whose influence is not consistently or officially recognized. As such Kurdish media should remain integral part of the social justice, democracy, national integrity and as the fourth estate in Kurdistan to monitor the misconducts and blunders of the ruling government, parliament and the justice system. Their role remains more crucial as media monitors these entities and media should remain fair and balanced in favor of the public.