Eth­i­cal Con­cerns in Kur­dish Me­dia

The Kurdish Globe - - NATIONAL - By Saqi Barzani

Kur­dish jour­nal­ism has en­dured var­i­ous stages; sim­i­lar to other trans­form­ing coun­ties, it has passed through an un­steady du­bi­ous state to a more sta­ble form. How­ever, the eth­i­cal dilemma re­mains com­plex and some­how widely mis­ap­pre­hended. De­spite the fact that the Kur­dish jour­nal­ism has greatly been in­flu­enced by the neigh­bor­ing coun­tries chaos and his­tor­i­cal events, the eth­i­cal val­ues re­main un­re­solved.

In present Kur­dish me­dia, ow­ing to mul­ti­ple fac­tors, full or par­tially bi­ased and un­just big­oted views are no­ticed that are dic­tated by the emo­tions and party driven loy­alty rather than ra­tio­nal­ism and pa­tri­o­tism. In Kur­dish me­dia par­tic­u­larly the online jour­nal­ism, there are more ten­den­cies to ig­nore the eth­i­cal val­ues.

The so­ci­ety of pro­fes­sional jour­nal­ism (SPJ) code of ethics de­fines the duty of the jour­nal­ist as seek­ing truth and pro­vid­ing a fair and com­pre­hen­sive ac­count of events and is­sues. Con­sci­en­tious jour­nal­ists from all me­dia and spe­cial­ties strive to serve the pub­lic with thor­ough­ness and hon­esty. Pro­fes­sional in­tegrity is the cor­ner­stone of a jour­nal­ist's cred­i­bil­ity. In ac­cor­dance to the SPJ, the fore­most du­ties of jour­nal­ists are to seek truth and re­port it; min­i­mize harm; act in­de­pen­dently; and be ac­count­able. Hence, me­dia should re­main on peo­ple’s side as their power rather than rul­ing or ma­nip­u­la­tive par­ties’. As such it is im­per­a­tive for the me­dia to sus­tain im­par­tial­ity and re­main in­de­pen­dent, and in the mean­time, work to- wards pub­lic in­ter­est, pro­tect so­cial jus­tice and val­ues.

The com­plex eth­i­cal is­sues be­come more in­tri­cate in online jour­nal­ism where anonymity and pseudo names are preva­lent. The eth­i­cal con­cerns have greatly been in­ten­si­fied in online jour­nal­ism, as it is rather harder to iden­tify the va­lid­ity of the sources, writ­ers and mo­tives be­hind them. The rapid paces and over­time changes in the global jour­nal­ism have turned the Kur­dish jour­nal­ism un­sta­ble and some­how trans­formed into a mim­icked jour­nal­ism. Al­though, we have wit­nessed var­i­ous rad­i­cal changes in the essence of the jour­nal­ism and evolv­ing jour­nal­ism method­olo­gies and con­cepts, but this is in­suf­fi­cient com­pared to the global ad­vances.

Kur­dish jour­nal­ism should fo­cus on the strate­gic na­tion­al­is­tic views rather than the dis­in­te­grat­ing and par­tial­ity ben­e­fited by in­di­vid­u­als or groups (whether po­lit­i­cal, so­cial or eco­nom­i­cal). Me­dia at­trib­uted, as the Fourth Es­tate is a so­ci­etal or po­lit­i­cal force or in­sti­tu­tion whose in­flu­ence is not con­sis­tently or of­fi­cially rec­og­nized. As such Kur­dish me­dia should re­main in­te­gral part of the so­cial jus­tice, democ­racy, na­tional in­tegrity and as the fourth es­tate in Kur­dis­tan to mon­i­tor the mis­con­ducts and blun­ders of the rul­ing gov­ern­ment, par­lia­ment and the jus­tice sys­tem. Their role re­mains more cru­cial as me­dia mon­i­tors th­ese en­ti­ties and me­dia should re­main fair and bal­anced in fa­vor of the pub­lic.

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