New Archeological Discovery in Erbil
Kilikmishik Pieces Are More Than 5,000 Years Old
An archeological team of the University of Salahaddin and Erbil Archaeological Directorate discovered hundreds of antique pieces in in an archaeological site called Kilikmishik Hill in the heart of the Kurdish Capital City of Erbil.
The discovery was announced in a joint press conference by the Salahaddin University’s Archaeological Department and Erbil’s Archaeological Directorate last Tuesday, May 28, 2013.
The hill was first registered at the Iraqi Archeological Book in 1946, but digging process started only in 2010.
Dr. Nu’man Jum’a, Head of the University’s digging team, said during the press conference that his team has found 300 pieces of precious women’s jewelry only inside one cave. They have also found bones of a woman inside the same cave, which seems to belong to a socially and religiously important woman of those times. The discovered cave, according to Dr. Jum’a, dates back to the years of 500 B.C., i.e. the Medieval Assyrian Era.
Haidar Hussein, Director of Erbil’s Archeology, told reporters on Tuesday that the value of the discovered jewelry is not in the material from which they are made, but rather in their archaeological value.
“Most of them are made of metal, silver or stone,” Hussein said in the press conference.
In addition to the cave, the team has found numerous other valuable antique pieces and archeological remains such as pottery, crockery, knives, walls of houses, stamps, animal toys, as well as other jewelry such as rings, bracelets and precious stones.
Investigation results suggest that the history of the discovered items date back to different eras such as the Neinava Five, i.e. the early years of 3000 B.C., Medieval Assyrian Era, 1559-911 B.C., Modern Assyrian Age, 911-612 B.C., Islamic Era, such as Atabaki of Erbil, i.e. 12261261.
The first digging operation started in the hill by a joint team from the French Leon University and Erbil Archeology Directorate in 2010. Three more digging phases were done by Salahadding University and the Directorate during 2011 and 2013.
The third phase of digging was conducted by a Dutch team with the participation of Archeology students from all over Iraq and in coordination with the Archeology Directorate.
What has been discovered till now, according to the team, is a small part of what is expected to have been buried under this valuable archeological site and it is expected that in the future digging sessions, many more precious remains will be discovered.