New Arche­o­log­i­cal Dis­cov­ery in Er­bil

Ki­lik­mishik Pieces Are More Than 5,000 Years Old

The Kurdish Globe - - FRONT PAGE -

An arche­o­log­i­cal team of the Univer­sity of Sala­haddin and Er­bil Ar­chae­o­log­i­cal Direc­torate dis­cov­ered hun­dreds of an­tique pieces in in an ar­chae­o­log­i­cal site called Ki­lik­mishik Hill in the heart of the Kur­dish Cap­i­tal City of Er­bil.

The dis­cov­ery was an­nounced in a joint press con­fer­ence by the Sala­haddin Univer­sity’s Ar­chae­o­log­i­cal Depart­ment and Er­bil’s Ar­chae­o­log­i­cal Direc­torate last Tues­day, May 28, 2013.

The hill was first reg­is­tered at the Iraqi Arche­o­log­i­cal Book in 1946, but dig­ging process started only in 2010.

Dr. Nu’man Jum’a, Head of the Univer­sity’s dig­ging team, said dur­ing the press con­fer­ence that his team has found 300 pieces of pre­cious women’s jew­elry only in­side one cave. They have also found bones of a woman in­side the same cave, which seems to be­long to a so­cially and re­li­giously im­por­tant woman of those times. The dis­cov­ered cave, ac­cord­ing to Dr. Jum’a, dates back to the years of 500 B.C., i.e. the Me­dieval Assyr­ian Era.

Haidar Hus­sein, Di­rec­tor of Er­bil’s Arche­ol­ogy, told re­porters on Tues­day that the value of the dis­cov­ered jew­elry is not in the ma­te­rial from which they are made, but rather in their ar­chae­o­log­i­cal value.

“Most of them are made of metal, sil­ver or stone,” Hus­sein said in the press con­fer­ence.

In ad­di­tion to the cave, the team has found nu­mer­ous other valu­able an­tique pieces and arche­o­log­i­cal re­mains such as pot­tery, crock­ery, knives, walls of houses, stamps, an­i­mal toys, as well as other jew­elry such as rings, bracelets and pre­cious stones.

In­ves­ti­ga­tion re­sults sug­gest that the his­tory of the dis­cov­ered items date back to dif­fer­ent eras such as the Neinava Five, i.e. the early years of 3000 B.C., Me­dieval Assyr­ian Era, 1559-911 B.C., Mod­ern Assyr­ian Age, 911-612 B.C., Is­lamic Era, such as Atabaki of Er­bil, i.e. 12261261.

The first dig­ging op­er­a­tion started in the hill by a joint team from the French Leon Univer­sity and Er­bil Arche­ol­ogy Direc­torate in 2010. Three more dig­ging phases were done by Sala­hadding Univer­sity and the Direc­torate dur­ing 2011 and 2013.

The third phase of dig­ging was con­ducted by a Dutch team with the par­tic­i­pa­tion of Arche­ol­ogy stu­dents from all over Iraq and in co­or­di­na­tion with the Arche­ol­ogy Direc­torate.

What has been dis­cov­ered till now, ac­cord­ing to the team, is a small part of what is ex­pected to have been buried un­der this valu­able arche­o­log­i­cal site and it is ex­pected that in the fu­ture dig­ging ses­sions, many more pre­cious re­mains will be dis­cov­ered.

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