Returning home after 20 years
and the villagers displaced to either west of the Turkey or to the big cities.
After 20 years, the biggest campaign of villagers’ return to their home villages started on June 6. A huge number of people who used to live in the villages of Dersim province, returned to their birth places.
The campaign comes after initiating the peace process between Turkey and PKK aiming to solve Kurdish issues in the last months. Unlike before, currently the Turkish government is facilitating and cooperating with those who want to return to their origin villages.
The peace talks began gingerly October, 2012, the first time a Turkish prime minister had openly engaged in dialogue with Ocalan, deemed the state's enemy No 1 by many Turks. And the ceasefire announcement was the biggest development yet. As part of the process, a couple o f hundreds of PKK fighter withdrew from the Turkish lands. It is expected that all of the PKK's estimated 3,500 fighters based in Turkey will withdraw within five months.
The ceasefire and the withdrawal of PKK fight- ers are the most critical moves yet in the peace talks. If they succeed, a settlement would end a bloody conflict that has cost more than 40,000 lives seen thousands jailed and tortured, and displaced millions of Kurds from their homes.